There are several factors that cause pain behind the ear, but what are the causes of this pain? How is the treatment? Here’s everything you need to know about pain behind the ear in this article:

There are many causes of pain behind the ear; So in this article, we will learn about some of the different causes of this pain and the possible treatments.

Pain behind the ear: causes
There are many factors that lead to the appearance of pain behind the ear, such as:

1. Occipital neuralgia
Occipital neuralgia appears as a result of inflammation or damage to the occipital nerves due to exposure to pressure or due to some diseases such as diabetes or osteoarthritis. In addition to the presence of pain behind the ear, some other symptoms may appear, such as:
Feeling of pain behind the eye.
See bright lights.
2. Mastoiditis
Mastoiditis is inflammation of the mastoid bone directly behind the ear. It may result from acute otitis media to cause many symptoms along with pain behind the ear, such as:

Discharge from the ear.
Fatigue.
Hearing loss in the affected ear.
3. temporomandibular joint disease
Temporomandibular joint diseases are caused by movement or injury of the joint, which causes many symptoms in addition to pain behind the teeth, and these symptoms include:

Jaw pain.
Jaw cracking.
Tinnitus.

4. Ramsey Hunt Syndrome
This syndrome appears due to the reactivation of the Varicella zoster virus, which causes pain behind the ear in addition to many symptoms, such as:

Sores in the ear canal or inside the mouth.
Pain in the neck.
5. Dental problems
Pain behind the ear may appear due to dental problems such as an abscess under the molars or their decay. Other symptoms associated with pain behind the ear include:

pain in the gums;
Bad breath.
difficulty chewing.

Pain behind the ear: treatments
The treatments used vary according to the cause of the pain behind the ear. Home remedies and medical methods can be used, as follows:

1. Home remedies for pain behind the ear
Among the home methods used to treat pain behind the ear, we mention:

Warm compresses: Warm compresses can be placed on the place of pain
Massage: The neck muscles are massaged to reduce pain.
De-stress: De-stressing helps relieve pain behind the ear caused by bruxism, and this can be done by wearing a mouth guard.
2. Treatment of pain behind the ear by medical methods
There are many medical methods used to treat pain behind the ear, including:

Physical therapy: which reduces pain and helps heal injuries or damage to the mastoid bone or the temporomandibular joint.
Anti-inflammatories: Various anti-inflammatories such as Ibuprofen can be used to get rid of pain behind the ear
Antibiotics: Antibiotics in the form of pills, ear drops, or intravenously are used to treat otitis media or mastoiditis.
Muscle relaxants: Muscle relaxants such as cyclobenzaprine can be used to reduce pain.
Emollient drops: Special drops can be used to soften the accumulated earwax to get rid of it.
Nerve anaesthesia: The injection of nerve anaesthesia relieves pain behind the ear
Botox injections: Botox injections may be used to reduce inflammation in the occipital nerves, which contributes to reducing pain.

Surgery: Surgery can be used in severe cases; To remove the mastoid bone, to stimulate the occipital nerves, or to stimulate the spinal cord.
Pain behind the ear: diagnosis
There are many ways in which pain behind the ear can be diagnosed, such as:

1. Clinical diagnosis
Through the clinical diagnosis, the patient is asked about the symptoms he complains of, and any signs of injuries to the head, neck or spine are examined, and the doctor also applies pressure to the base of the skull to induce pain, to confirm the incidence of occipital neuralgia.

2. Nerve anesthesia
Nerve anesthesia is one of the methods used in diagnosis and treatment, and is used in diagnosis to confirm occipital neuralgia if pain disappears after anesthesia.

3. Diagnostic images
Various diagnostic images such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can be used to rule out certain diseases.