A cough headache is an unusual type of headache that results from coughing and other types of stress — such as sneezing, blowing your nose, laughing, crying, singing, bending over or having a bowel movement.

Doctors divide cough headaches into two categories. A primary cough headache is usually harmless, occurs in limited episodes and eventually gets better on its own. Secondary cough headache, also called symptomatic cough headache, is more serious, as it can be caused by problems in the brain. Treating a secondary coughing headache may require surgery.

Symptoms
The main headache caused by cough
Begins suddenly with a cough or other type of straining and immediately after
It usually lasts from a few seconds to a few minutes – some may last up to 2 hours
Causes sharp, stabbing pain, or splits the head
It is usually felt in the front of the head
Affects both sides of your head
This may be followed by a dull, aching pain that lasts for hours
Secondary cough headaches
Symptoms of secondary cough headaches are often similar to those of primary cough headaches, although you may feel:

Headaches that last longer
Vertigo
loss of balance
fainting
Numbness in the face or arms
When should you see a doctor?
Consult your doctor if you have a sudden headache after coughing, especially if the headache is frequent or severe, or if you have any signs of illness or other bothersome symptoms, such as imbalance, blurred vision or double vision.

the reasons
The main headache caused by cough
The cause of primary cough headaches is unknown.

Secondary cough headaches
Secondary cough headaches may be caused by any of the following:

Skull defect.
A defect in the cerebellum, the part of the brain that controls balance. This can happen when part of the brain is pushed through the opening at the base of the skull (the foramen magnum), where only the spinal cord should be present.

Some of these types of defects are called Chiari malformations.

Weakness in a blood vessel in the brain (cerebral aneurysm).
Brain tumor.
spontaneous leakage of cerebrospinal fluid.
risk factors
The main headache caused by cough
Risk factors for a primary cough headache include:

Age. Primary cough headaches most often affect people over the age of 40.
sex. Men are more likely to have primary cough headaches.
Secondary cough headache
Risk factors for a secondary coughing headache include:

You must be under 40 years old
protection
Preventing the behaviors that can trigger a cough headache, whether it’s coughing, sneezing or defecation, can help reduce the number of headaches you experience. Some preventive measures may include:

Treating lung infections, such as bronchitis
Avoid taking medications that cause a cough as a side effect
Get an annual flu shot
Use stool softeners to avoid constipation
Reducing heavy lifting or bending for long periods

There are many people who suffer from severe flu symptoms during the winter, due to the low temperatures, and the inability of the body’s immune system to confront the severe flu virus.

Prevention of cold air shocks is the best treatment from the beginning so that a person does not develop complications from the flu, and drinking hot drinks that help warm and stimulate blood circulation in the body, such as cinnamon, ginger, and cocoa, reduce infection.

He explained that the main symptoms of influenza infection are:

1- Dry cough, which is common with the flu, and may be accompanied by shortness of breath or chest discomfort, and it can last for about two weeks.

2- High body temperature, symptoms include chills or sweating and the fever lasts for three to four days.

3- Muscle pain that appears in the neck, back, arms and legs.

4- Headache: Feeling headaches is one of the first symptoms of influenza.

5- Eye irritation and inability to face light.

Coughing is the body’s way of expelling foreign bodies from the lungs, and when accompanied by pain in the chest or ribs, it is an indication of serious respiratory disease.

The German Association of Otolaryngologists said that feeling chest pain or ribs during coughing has several causes, most notably simple respiratory diseases such as colds and bronchitis.

She added that the pain during coughing may also be due to other health problems such as diseases of the spleen or pancreas, inflammation of the lung membrane, trauma or broken ribs, heartburn or a heart attack.

The German Association of Physicians stressed the importance of knowing the causes of coughing, and said, “You should consult a doctor to determine the real cause of pain during coughing and undergo treatment in a timely manner.”


She reviewed the most prominent complications of coughing, which are:

1- Pain in the chest and abdomen

2- Inability to control urine (incontinence during coughing).

3- Fatigue.

4- Fainting and temporary loss of consciousness, due to a decrease in the venous return of blood to the heart as a result of high positive pressure in the chest.

5- Coughing may cause rib fractures, even in healthy people.