Dizziness is a term used to describe a range of sensations, such as feeling faint, weak, weak or unbalanced. Dizziness that creates the false sense that you or your surroundings are spinning or moving (vertigo).
Dizziness is one of the most common reasons adults visit their doctors. Frequent episodes of dizziness or persistent dizziness can also affect your life. But dizziness is rarely life-threatening.
Treatment for dizziness depends on the cause of your symptoms. Although it is usually effective, the problem may recur.
People with vertigo may describe their condition with a range of sensations, such as:
False sense of movement or spinning (vertigo)
Having a headache with dizziness or feeling sick
Unsteadiness or loss of balance
Feeling like you’re floating or having a blurred mind, or a feeling of heavy head
These sensations are triggered and increase with walking, standing or moving your head. Your dizziness may be nauseating or be so sudden or severe that you need to sit or lie down. The attack may last for seconds or days, and may recur.
When do you visit the doctor?
In general, see your doctor if you experience any dizziness or lightheadedness that is frequent, sudden, severe, prolonged, or without cause.
Get emergency medical care if you experience dizziness, or recent or severe lightheadedness, along with any of the following:
sudden severe headache
Numbness or weakness in the arms or legs
Fast and irregular heartbeat
Confusion or slurred speech
Stumbling or difficulty walking
Sudden change in hearing
Facial numbness or weakness.
Vertigo has many potential causes, including inner ear disorders, motion sickness and medication side effects. Sometimes the cause is an underlying health condition, such as poor circulation, infection, or injury.
The way you feel and what triggers your dizziness can provide clues to its possible causes. How long the dizziness lasts and any other symptoms you have may also help determine the cause.
Inner ear problems that cause dizziness (vertigo)
Your sense of balance depends on the combined input from various parts of the sensory system. They include:
Eyes, which help you determine where your body is in space and how it’s moving
Sensory nerves, which send messages to your brain about body movements and positions
The inner ear, which houses sensors that help detect gravity and back and forth motion
Vertigo is a false feeling that your surroundings are spinning or moving. With inner ear disorders, your brain receives signals from the inner ear that are inconsistent with what your eyes and sensory nerves receive. Vertigo is what results from your brain working to resolve confusion.
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV). This condition causes a strong, short, but false sense that you are spinning or moving. These seizures are triggered by a rapid change in head movement, such as when you roll over in bed, sit up, or get hit on the head. Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo is the most common cause of vertigo.
infection. A viral infection of the vestibular nerve, called vestibular neuritis, may cause severe dizziness. If you also have sudden hearing loss, you may have labyrinthitis.
Meniere’s disease. This disease involves an excessive buildup of fluid in your inner ear. It is characterized by sudden episodes of vertigo that last for several hours. You may also experience fluctuating hearing loss, ringing in the ears, and a feeling of blockage in the ear.
Migraine (migraine). People who have migraines may have episodes of vertigo or other types of vertigo even when they don’t have a severe headache. These episodes of vertigo can last from minutes to hours and may be accompanied by headaches as well as sensitivity to light and noise.
Circulation problems that cause dizziness
You may feel dizzy, faint, or out of balance if your heart isn’t pumping enough blood to your brain. Reasons include:
drop in blood pressure; A sharp drop in systolic blood pressure — the top number on your blood pressure reading — may cause you to feel dizzy for a short time or feel faint. It can happen after getting up from a lying position or standing up too quickly. The condition is also called orthostatic hypotension.
poor blood circulation; Conditions such as cardiomyopathy, heart attack, arrhythmia and transient ischemic attack may cause dizziness. Low blood volume may result in insufficient blood flow to the brain or inner ear.
Other causes of tinnitus
diseases of the nervous system; Some neurological disorders, such as Parkinson’s disease and multiple sclerosis, can lead to progressive loss of balance.
pharmaceutical. Dizziness can be a side effect of certain medications, such as anti-epileptic drugs, antidepressants, sedatives, and sedatives. But antihypertensive medications, in particular, may cause fainting if they make your blood pressure too low.
anxiety disorders; Some anxiety disorders can cause dizziness or a feeling of mental confusion, often referred to as vertigo. This includes panic attacks, or a fear of leaving home or being in a large, open space (agoraphobia).
Low iron levels (anaemia). Dizziness may accompany other signs and symptoms if you’re anemic, such as tiredness, weakness, and pale skin.
Low blood sugar (hypoglycaemia). This condition generally affects diabetics who take insulin. Dizziness (vertigo) may be accompanied by sweating and anxiety.
Carbon monoxide poisoning. Symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning are often described as “flu-like” and include headache, dizziness, weakness, upset stomach, vomiting, chest pain, and confusion.
Overheating and dehydration. You may feel dizzy from being overheated (hyperthermia) or dehydrated if you exercise in a hot weather or don’t drink enough fluids. This is especially true if you take certain heart medications.
Factors that may increase your risk of dizziness include:
Age. Older adults are more likely to have medical conditions that cause dizziness, especially feeling out of balance. They are also more likely to take medications that may cause dizziness.
History of dizziness. If you’ve had dizziness before, you’re more likely to experience it in the future.
Dizziness can increase your risk of falling and hurting yourself. Dizziness while driving or operating heavy machinery can increase your risk of an accident. You may also have long-term consequences if you leave an existing health condition untreated and may cause dizziness.
The presence of dizziness and involuntary urination with dizziness usually indicates inflammation in the peripheral nerves, and inflammation of the sympathetic nerves, but this is associated with a decrease in pressure when standing.
And in people who suffer from diabetes, they may have such complications, and all these symptoms that you suffer from are dizziness, palpitations and tinnitus, lower back pain, and burning in the extremities. You need to know many things, especially the results of the medical examination and the tests that were done.
There are general analyzes that must be done other than sugar, so we need the following analyzes:
Liver and kidney analysis.
You should see a doctor specialized in internal medicine for a thorough medical examination, and you should record all these symptoms, especially if there is weight loss, abdominal pain or any skin symptoms or hearing loss or any redness in the skin or an increase in body temperature.