Breast cancer symptoms

One of the diseases that millions of women suffer from around the world annually, and men may sometimes contract it, and due to the large number of infection with the disease, there has become more awareness of it and the allocation of an entire month of each year, to guide women on how to deal with it and prevent it.

What are the symptoms of breast cancer? How does it happen? What are the risk factors for infection? The full answers are in this comprehensive article.


But before we get into all the details about breast cancer, know the most common symptoms of breast cancer:

A change in the shape of the breast.
Lumps in the area around the breast.
lumps under the armpit;
Change in the shape of the breast.
severe itching;
rash.
It is rarely accompanied by pain.
What are the symptoms of breast cancer?
Everyone should know the symptoms and signs of breast cancer, and any time an abnormality is discovered, it should be checked out by a health care professional.
Most people who have breast cancer symptoms and signs will initially notice only one or two symptoms, and the presence of these symptoms and signs does not automatically mean that you have breast cancer, but by doing a monthly breast self-exam, you will be able to easily identify any changes in your breast, be sure to talk To your healthcare professional if you notice anything unusual.

The main symptoms of breast cancer are:

1. A change in the shape of the breast
Feeling of lumps or thickening near the breast area, under the armpit, or in the areola.
Notice a change in skin texture or enlarged pores in the skin of the breast (some describe it as being similar to the texture of an orange peel).
Visible lumps in the breast.
2. Change in the appearance of the breast or areola
Any unexplained change in the size or shape of the breast.
Unexplained breast swelling (especially if it is on one side only).
Unexplained contraction of the breast (especially if it is on one side only).
Recent asymmetry in the breasts, although it is common for women to have one breast slightly larger than the other, but if the appearance of asymmetry is obvious and recent, it should be checked.
The aura is slightly or clearly turned inward.
The skin of the breast, areola, or nipple becomes scaly, red, swollen, or may have bumps.
3. Clear discharge from the breast areola or bloody discharge
It is also important to note that milky discharge that appears when a woman is not breastfeeding should be checked, although it is not linked to breast cancer.
Tell your doctor about any nipple discharge, whether clear, bloody or milky.

Symptoms of benign breast cancer.

Although breast cancer is a disease associated with women only, men can also be infected with it, especially the elderly or people who suffer from gynecomastia, so the symptoms of benign breast cancer must be recognized, to consult a specialist immediately, and complete the treatment before the cancerous cells exacerbate.

Common symptoms of benign breast cancer include:

Swelling in the breast or under the armpit, and this is often the first symptom of breast cancer.
Swelling in the armpit or near the collarbone. This may mean that breast cancer has spread to the lymph nodes in that area. Swelling may start before you feel a lump, so tell your doctor if you notice it.
Severe pain in the breast area.
Breast changes, such as a difference in breast size, contour, texture, or temperature.
Changes in your nipple (burning, itching, nipple retraction).
Unusual nipple discharge, which can be clear, bloody or another colour.
A rough area under your skin that looks different from any other part of the breasts.
Breast cancer symptoms pictures
Some symptoms of malignant or benign breast cancer indicate the need for early detection and proper treatment of symptoms, so it is important to know how to recognize the signs with images that may indicate the presence of cancer.

1. Blocks
It’s unusual to have lumpy breasts. Because breast tissue is often lumpy in texture, a lump can vary widely and doesn’t always indicate cancer, especially if it feels the same in both breasts.
However, a person should see a doctor if they notice:
Changes in breast tissue that are not due to the approaching menstruation
A hard lump that looks different from the rest of the breast.
A lump that is not present in the other breast.

2. Cancerous lumps
It usually has uneven edges.
It is usually painless.
It is usually solid.
The lump can be soft, round and mushy,
People tend to seek medical advice when they are concerned about a new lump, but be aware that there may not be a lump at all, or the lump may be too small to be felt.
If a mammogram reveals a lump, your doctor may suggest more tests — such as an ultrasound or a biopsy — to confirm the diagnosis.

Benign conditions that can involve lumps include:

abscesses.
lymphatic tumor.
calcifications;
mastitis;
Fibroids are made of glandular tissue. These are very common and are not cancerous.
3. Nipple discharge
Nipple discharge can be caused by:
pressure on the nipples.
infection.
A person should see their doctor if they have:
Discharge occurs without pressure on the nipple.
Secretions in one breast without the other.
Secretions containing blood.

. Natural changes in the breast
Hormonal changes can occur at different stages of life and can lead to lumps, changes in shape and other changes that are not caused by cancer.
For example, puberty, pregnancy, and menopause may cause changes in the breast due to varying levels of the hormones estrogen and progesterone in the body.

5. Breast pain
Although the onset of breast cancer does not cause severe pain to women in this area, one of the symptoms of breast cancer may be feeling some tingling and pulse in the chest area. Therefore, do not ignore early detection or periodic self-examination, to know the disease early and take the necessary measures quickly.
6. Nipple retraction
Breast cancer causes clear changes in the shape of the nipple, and this is one of the most prominent signs that resolve your suspicion of the disease, as the cells behind the nipple that may lead to the inversion of the nipple and the retraction of its direction inward, or you notice a change in its size, especially in the breast affected by the disease. Nipples often appear during ovulation or other stages of the menstrual cycle, so if you notice any change in the shape of the nipple, you should see a specialist immediately.

The first signs of breast cancer
Some changes in the breast may be an early sign of breast cancer. Knowing what these changes look like can help people access appropriate treatment as soon as possible.
When most people think of breast cancer detection, they think of a lump in the breast. Indeed, this is a potential warning sign, but it is not the only one. Other signs include the following:

Lumps inside the breast or armpit area.
Changes in the size and shape of the breast.
Pain in a specific area that does not go away.
Prominent veins on the surface of the breast.
Discharge from the nipple appears suddenly.
Sore or rash on the nipple.
Swelling, redness, or darkening of the breast.
Inversion of the nipple or other parts of the breast.
Early signs of inflammatory breast cancer
This is a rare but fiercest type of cancer. It can appear differently from other types, so you should know its very early symptoms as follows:

swelling.
redness.
Pink or purple appearance or bruising in the breast area.
Full or pitted skin.
A clear tumor.
Rapid increase in breast size.
Heaviness in the breast.
Breast burning.
Nipple inversion.
Swollen lymph nodes in the collarbone or armpit area.
Inflammatory breast cancer tends to occur at a younger age than other types of cancer. Doctors sometimes misdiagnose it because it may resemble an infection, trauma, or other problem.
Breast cancer causes.

After puberty, a woman’s breasts are made up of fat, connective tissue, and thousands of lobules. These are small glands that produce milk for breastfeeding. Small tubes, or ducts, carry milk toward the nipple.

Cancer causes cells to multiply uncontrollably. They do not die in the usual phase of their life cycle. This excessive growth of cells causes cancer because the tumor uses nutrients and energy and deprives the cells around it.

Breast cancer usually begins in the inner lining of the milk ducts or the lobules that supply milk, and from there it can spread to other parts of the body.

Risk factors that increase the incidence of breast cancer symptoms
The exact cause of breast cancer is still not clear, but some risk factors increase the likelihood of developing it. Some of these risk factors can be prevented.

1. Age
The risk of developing breast cancer increases with age. At the age of 20, the chance of developing breast cancer in the next decade is 0.06%, and by the age of 70, this number rises to 3.84%.
2. Genetics
Women who carry certain mutations in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes have a higher chance of developing breast cancer, ovarian cancer, or both. People inherit these genes from their parents.

Mutations in the TP53 gene are also associated with an increased risk of breast cancer. If a relative has or has had breast cancer, a person’s chance of developing breast cancer increases.

3. A history of breast cancer or breast tumors
Women who have previously had breast cancer are more likely to develop it again than those who do not have a history of the disease.

Having some types of noncancerous breast tumors increases the chance of developing cancer later. Examples include atypical ductal hyperplasia or lobular carcinoma in situ.

Individuals with a history of breast, ovarian, fallopian tube or peritoneal cancer should ask their doctors about genetic testing.

4. Breast tissue is dense
Women with denser breasts are more likely to be diagnosed with breast cancer.

5. Estrogen exposure and breastfeeding
Breastfeeding for more than a year appears to reduce the risk of breast cancer, and prolonged exposure to estrogen appears to increase the risk of breast cancer.

This may be because a person begins their periods earlier or enters menopause later than average age, between these times, estrogen levels are higher.

Breastfeeding, especially for longer than 1 year, appears to reduce the chance of developing breast cancer, possibly due to reduced exposure to estrogen after pregnancy and breastfeeding.

6. Weight gain
Women who are overweight or obese after menopause may also have a higher chance of developing breast cancer, possibly due to increased estrogen levels. A high sugar intake may also be a factor.

7. Alcohol consumption
Regular high alcohol consumption appears to play a role in the development of breast cancer, according to the National Cancer Institute (NCI). Studies have consistently found that women who drink alcohol are more likely to develop breast cancer than those who don’t.

8. Radiation exposure
Having radiation therapy for a different cancer may increase your risk of breast cancer later in life.

9. Hormonal treatments
According to the National Cancer Institute, studies have shown that birth control pills may slightly increase the risk of breast cancer

According to the American Cancer Society, studies have found that hormone replacement therapy, specifically estrogen and progesterone therapy, is associated with an increased risk of breast cancer.

Breast cancer types
There are several types of breast cancer, and many of them share symptoms, but if you need to know each type of breast cancer and its symptoms, follow these lines:

1. Symptoms of ductal breast cancer (DCIS)
This is the most common type of breast cancer. It begins in the breast ducts. About 1 in 5 new breast cancers is ductal carcinoma in situ. This means that you have cancer in the cells that line your ducts, but it has not spread to nearby tissues.

You may not notice any symptoms of ductal carcinoma, and sometimes it may cause a breast lump or bloody discharge.

2. Symptoms of breast cancer lobule
This type begins in the glands that make milk, called the lobules. It is the second most common type of breast cancer. Symptoms include:

Fullness, thickening, or swelling in one area.

Flat nipples or nipple retraction.

3. Symptoms of invasive breast cancer
Breast cancer that spreads from where it began to the surrounding tissue is called invasive or infiltrating. You may notice the following symptoms:

A lump in the breast or armpit.

Breasts differ in shape.

Rashes, or thickened skin.

skin ulcers;

swelling in the breast;

Small, hard lymph nodes that may be stuck together or stuck to your skin.

Pain in one place of the breast.

4. Symptoms of metastatic breast cancer
If left untreated, this type of cancer can spread to other parts of the body. This is called metastatic, advanced, or secondary breast cancer. Depending on where it’s located, you may have symptoms:

Bone pain.

Headache.

Changes in brain function.

breathing difficulties.

flatulence;

Yellowing of the skin or eyes (jaundice).

double vision

nausea.

Loss of appetite and weight loss.

muscle weakness;

5. Triple breast cancer symptoms
It’s called triple negative breast cancer if it doesn’t contain receptors for the hormones estrogen and progesterone and doesn’t make much of a protein called HER2. This type tends to grow and spread faster than other types, and doctors treat it differently.

Triple-negative tumors make up 10% to 15% of breast cancers, and they cause the same symptoms as other common types.

6. Symptoms of male breast cancer
About 1% of breast cancers in men, due to their extreme rarity, you may not notice symptoms until the cancer has grown.

So be aware of the following symptoms:

A lump or thickened spot in your breast or under your armpit.

Changes in the skin of the breast or nipple such as redness, puckering, scaling, or discharge

7. Symptoms of Paget’s disease of the breast

This type often occurs along with ductal carcinoma, and it affects the skin of the nipple and areola. Symptoms may look like eczema and include:

Peeling of the nipple skin.

Bloody or yellowish discharge from the nipple.

Flat or inverted nipple.

Severe burning or itching in the breast area.

8. Symptoms of inflammatory breast cancer

Inflammatory breast cancer is a rare type that causes symptoms similar to an infection. Of which:

Chest warm, swollen and red.

dimpled or full skin

Receding nipple income.

Unusual nipple discharge.

9. Symptoms of papillary cancer

This is a very rare type of ductal carcinoma, called small lumps. Common symptoms include:

The presence of a small hard cyst in the breast.

Bloody discharge from the nipple.