When menopause in women and its permanent cessation, women develop signs of the so-called “menopause”, and it is often between the ages of 45 and 50 years, and it may happen before that if menopause stops early, and given that menopause causes many psychological problems for women, they should She is trying to adapt herself to the new situation, and below we learn about the signs and symptoms of menopause in women, and how to overcome them.

Women’s menopause signs and symptoms
1. Heat flashes


Women at menopause are usually exposed to heat flashes that appear on the body in general, which coincide with the approaching period of the menstrual cycle, and these flashes appear on the face and upper chest area, accompanied by severe sweating and heart palpitations.

2. Breast pain

When exposed to the onset of menopause, a woman suffers from some different pains, the most important of which is breast pain and hypersensitivity to it, and this occurs as a result of changes in the level of estrogen and various hormonal changes that occur during this period, but caution and differentiation must be made between breast pain associated with menopause and pain that may be caused For breast cancer, tests must be done to ascertain the true cause of breast pain.

3. Depression
Severe depression is one of the common signs that women experience in menopause, which is more during the day and less during the night, and this depression is accompanied by disturbances in concentration and loss of appetite.

4. Osteoporosis
A woman’s bones are greatly affected at menopause, which may lead to osteoporosis, and this is caused by low bone density and menopause.

5. Effect on the skin
Menopause and menopause affect the skin greatly, and this is caused by a decrease in the collagen rate, which exposes the skin to the appearance of wrinkles and an increased vulnerability to dehydration.

6. Cardiac symptoms
A woman’s heart is exposed to severe palpitations, due to the high rate of bad cholesterol and low cholesterol in the blood, which may expose women to heart attacks at a greater rate than men of the same age.

7. Migraine

Sports is an important factor in overcoming menopause in women Sports is an important factor in overcoming menopause in women
Hot flashes, depression and headache are among the most important signs of menopause.. Here are the causes and symptoms of menopause in women and how to overcome them.

When menopause in women and its permanent cessation, women develop signs of the so-called “menopause”, and it is often between the ages of 45 and 50 years, and it may happen before that if menopause stops early, and given that menopause causes many psychological problems for women, they should She is trying to adapt herself to the new situation, and below we learn about the signs and symptoms of menopause in women, and how to overcome them.


Symptoms of menopause in women
Menopause brings with it signs and symptoms for women, and with their appearance, it is difficult for them to ignore them, the most important of which are:

feeling hot flashes
Hot flashes are the most common menopausal symptom. As 80% of women suffer from hot flashes and 30% of them go for diagnosis and receive treatment.
In some women, hot flashes appear around the time of their period, as they did during their last fertile period.

It initially appears as heat in the upper chest and face, and spreads throughout the body. Hot flashes last 2-4 minutes and are accompanied by sweating, heart palpitations, and sometimes chills, and feelings of anxiety.

Hot flashes may occur several times a day, at night, and in severe cases they may occur every hour.

Approximately 80% of women will suffer from this phenomenon for 4-5 years, and 10% of women suffer from hot flashes even after the age of 70.

Sleep disturbances
Hot flashes are common at night and lead to sleep disturbances. However, even without hot flashes, a good percentage of postmenopausal women complain of sleep disturbances.

Vaginal dryness and decreased libido
Another sign of menopause is low estrogen levels, which affect the mucous membrane covering the vagina and urethra, making it so thin that the vagina atrophies.

Women complain of low vaginal moisture when sexual arousal occurs, and vaginal dryness causes pain during intercourse to the point of stopping sexual activity because of it.

In addition, the vagina changes its reddish color to a pale color, the pubic hair fades, the elasticity of the vagina is damaged, and so on.

Among the possible treatments is the use of topical estrogen, such as an ointment, suppository, or pill to prevent pain, inflammation, and worsening of the prolapse of the vaginal walls.

Effects on the urinary system
They include: burning during urination, decreased feeling of bladder fullness, decreased urine flow, incontinence, and increased urinary tract infections, all of which constitute the symptoms of menopause in women.

Feeling of joint pain
A large group of women complain of joint pain. Especially women who suffer from excess weight, and who suffer from depression.

It is not known if joint pain is directly related to a low level of estrogen, although hormone therapy leads to improvement.

Feeling of pain in the breast
At the onset of menopausal symptoms, women experience pain and hypersensitivity in the breasts, due to changes in estrogen levels.

Menopause is irregular in its appearance and is associated with severe hormonal changes, and the levels of female hormones such as estrogen and progesterone, which affect engorgement in the breasts.

Pain appears in both breasts, when the pain is on one side, an examination is recommended to rule out the presence of breast cancer.

In any case, it is recommended that comprehensive periodic breast examinations be performed using imaging methods such as ultrasound and mammography.

Migraine exacerbation
About 20% of women who experienced cycle-related migraines in their youth appear to have exacerbations of it during menopause.

Migraines are caused by severe hormonal changes in estrogen levels. When new pain appears, it is recommended to seek advice from a neurologist.

A distinction must be made between migraine attacks and other headaches. Migraine headaches are characterized by pre-existing signs (Aura), such as: pain on one side, visual disturbances, and sensitivity to light.

Cognitive changes
Symptoms of menopause in rare women are memory loss and difficulty concentrating. It shows the importance of estrogen in optimal cognitive performance.

Signs of depression
There is an increase in the number of women suffering from postmenopausal depression, and the severity of depression increases in the morning and decreases in the evening.

And menopause doubles the risk of depression in women without a history of mental illness, compared to when they were fertile.

Women who have had depression, such as postpartum depression, depression from acute premenstrual syndrome, or after ovarian removal surgery, are at risk of developing postmenopausal depression.

Osteoporosis
In the first two years of menopause there is a significant decrease in bone density. It is important to have a bone density test at age 40 and early menopause for comparison and treatment.

for cardiovascular disease
The decrease in the level of estrogen changes the composition of fats in the blood. The bad cholesterol (LDL) values ​​usually rise and the good cholesterol (HDL) values ​​go down slightly.

Therefore, one of the symptoms of menopause is an increased risk of vascular diseases and heart attacks, so that it is greater than in men of the same age.

the onset of dementia
It is believed that a low level of estrogen causes the onset of dementia, and this is one of the symptoms of menopause that needs more studies to prove it.

body structure change
Women who do not receive hormone replacement therapy gain about 20% more weight than they did at fertile age. Another characteristic phenomenon of menopause is the loss of muscle mass.

Skin changes appear
One of the symptoms of menopause for women is damage to collagen tissues in the skin and bones. Where the decrease in collagen in the skin leads to the appearance of wrinkles.

balance
Due to a low level of estrogen, some women experience a balance disorder and an increased risk of falls and fractures.

menopause at intervals
The time between fertile and menopause lasts about four years, on average from 45-48 years of age until menopause, which is characterized by hormonal fluctuations.

Usually the time between cycles becomes shorter from 28 to 24 days, due to the lack of follicles in the ovaries. In the next stage, this period increases and the cycle appears once every 40-50 days, as menstruation appears once every few months, until its absolute cessation.