For the African pupil organisation, see Pan-Africanist Pupil Movement of Azania. For the butterfly genus, see Pasma (genus).
Pasma (from Spanish espasmo) describes a “people ailment” special to the Filipino culture that is said to be most frequently produced by exposure of “cool” and water in many kinds: water is thought to help with the undesirable coldness that goes into the body in the Filipino culture. There are distinct indications, symptoms, viewed causes and also therapies which are identified in the folk medicine of the Philippines, however these are not described in medical textbooks, gone over in medical colleges, or generally acknowledged by contemporary medical science. Although, these signs and symptoms have been viewed and also indicated as verifiable by Filipinos that have experienced sickness after a lengthy tough day of work as well as suddenly taking a chilly shower.    
College of the Philippines anthropologist Michael Tan points out: 
I have actually been talking in numerous medical institutions for a number of years now and also I maintain advising wellness specialists to be more investigative about these ailments due to the fact that even if these are not recognized by mainstream medicine, the disorders are very actual as far as individuals are concerned, creating suffering and also may even be mentioned as the cause of death, as in the case of “bangungot.”.
Alongside countless conditions identified by Filipino herbal remedies, pasma is attributed to a communication of “init” (warmth) and also “lamig” (cold).  Under particular problems, the body’s muscle mass (kalamnan) are said to be “hot” and ought to not be too swiftly brought right into contact with “chilly,” in this case usually meaning cold water or air conditioner. 
Signs and symptoms and also creates [modify] One of the most typical signs and symptoms of pasma are hand tremors, sweaty palms, feeling numb and discomforts.  “Pasma” is therefore very different from the Spanish term from which it takes its origin: espasmo, which suggests “spasm.”.
In addition to the standard reason for “init” and “lamig,” which is a traditional idea sufficiently intact in the contemporary Philippine psyche to be accepted, alone as a cause for pasma, some connection has been noted with illness already identified by contemporary medication. For example, signs of pasma resemble those located in people with diabetes mellitus and also thyroid dysfunction. It has additionally been recommended that the complaints are commonly neurological in nature and also may be linked to some sort of worried dysfunction. There are a number of manner ins which an individual is thought to be able to avoid Pasma. These include staying clear of tiring, recurring movements of the upper extremities, showering as well as bathing in the morning, as well as preventing cleaning garments after ironing. Folkloric therapies for Pasma consist of massage therapies using ginger, coconut oil, alcohol, garlic, and also camphor oil. Soaking in lukewarm salted water or rice water is believed to treat Pasma, as well is Pasmang-bituka, an everyday salty product of solasi (Divine basil).