Musculoskeletal pain is one of the most common health problems in men and women as a result of some wrong practices or accompanying some diseases. Pain may appear in only one area of the body, such as the back, or all over the body as a symptom of fibromyalgia.

According to healthline, pain can range from mild to severe enough to interrupt a daily routine, and pain that persists for more than 3 to 6 months is called chronic pain.

musculoskeletal disorders

These disorders directly affect the bones, muscles, joints, and ligaments. The most common cause of musculoskeletal pain is an injury to the bones, joints, muscles, tendons or ligaments. Falls and sports injuries can lead to this pain.

There are more than 150 different musculoskeletal disorders. Among the most common are:

Arthritis, including rheumatoid arthritis, psoriatic arthritis, lupus, osteoarthritis, gout, ankylosing spondylitis, osteoporosis, injuries such as fractures and dislocations, muscle loss (sarcinia), problems with the structure of bones or joints.

Non-musculoskeletal disorders

These are some of the non-musculoskeletal disorders that cause pain in the bones, muscles, joints, and ligaments:

Overwork or during exercise Sitting in poor posture Prolonged bed rest, such as during illness or after surgery Infections of bone, muscle, or other soft tissue Tumors that put pressure on tendons and bones, including giant cell osteoblastomas annular;

Pain may sometimes feel as if it originates in the musculoskeletal system when it is caused by another organ system entirely For example, a heart attack can cause pain that radiates down the arm and this is called referred pain, and it can stem from the heart, lungs, kidneys, gallbladder Spleen, pancreas.

Low back pain is the most common type of muscle pain.

Muscle pain caused by injury, inflammation, spasm, spasm, or loss of blood flow to the muscles.

Bone pain from an injury such as a fracture, infection, tumor, or hormonal disorder.

Tendon and ligament pain, such as from a sprain, strain, or inflammation from tendinitis or tenosynovitis.

Joint pain from arthritis.

Fibromyalgia, which causes pain in tendons, muscles, and joints throughout the body.

Nerve compression pain caused by conditions that put pressure on nerves, such as carpal tunnel syndrome, cubital tunnel syndrome and palpable tunnel syndrome.

rheumatic muscle pain.

Polymyalgia rheumatica is an inflammatory disorder that causes muscle pain and stiffness, especially in the shoulders and hips. Signs and symptoms of polymyalgia rheumatica usually begin quickly and are worse during the day.

Most people develop polymyalgia rheumatica after age 65. It rarely affects people under 50 year.

This condition is associated with another type of inflammation known as giant cell arteritis. Giant cell arteritis sometimes causes headaches, difficulty seeing, and pain in the jaw and scalp. Both conditions may appear together.

Signs and symptoms of polymyalgia rheumatica occur on both sides of the body and may include:

Feeling of soreness or pain in the shoulders
Soreness or pain in the neck, upper arms, buttocks, hips or thighs
Stiffness in the affected areas, especially in the morning or after a long period of rest
Limited range of motion in affected areas
Pain or stiffness in the wrists, elbows, or knees
More general signs and symptoms may occur, including:

mild fever
A general feeling that you are not feeling well (malaise)
Unintentional weight loss
When do you visit the doctor?
Consult your doctor if you experience any aches, pains or stiffness from:

It’s something new
hinder your sleep
Limits your ability to do your usual activities, such as getting dressed.


the reasons
The exact cause of polymyalgia rheumatica is unknown. There seem to be two factors behind the development of this condition:

Genetic genes. Certain genes and genetic changes may increase the risk of infection.
Exposure to an environmental stimulus. New cases of polymyalgia rheumatica tend to go into cycles and may develop seasonally. This suggests that an environmental trigger, such as a virus, may have a role. But the specific virus that causes polymyalgia rheumatica has not been identified.
Giant cell arteritis
Polymyalgia rheumatica and another disease known as giant cell arteritis share many features. Many people with this disease also have symptoms of another disease.

Giant cell arteritis results in inflammation of the ends of the arteries, most often of the skeletal arteries. Signs and symptoms include headache, jaw pain, vision problems, and looseness of the skull. This condition may lead to stroke or blindness, if left untreated.

risk factors
Risk factors for polymyalgia rheumatica include:

Age. Polymyalgia rheumatica affects the elderly particularly well. It mostly occurs between the ages of 70 and 80.
sex. Women are more likely to have this disorder two or three times.
Sweat. Polymyalgia rheumatica is more common among white people with ancestors from Scandinavia and northern Europe.
Symptoms of polymyalgia rheumatica can severely affect your ability to perform daily activities, such as:

Getting out of bed, standing up after sitting in a chair, or getting out of the car
Combing hair or taking a shower
getting dressed
These difficulties can affect your health, social interactions, physical activity, sleep and general health.