Smoking is one of the main causes of many serious diseases, which may prompt some to quit. Learn about the symptoms of nicotine withdrawal from the body.
Smoking is one of the main causes of many serious diseases, so girls and young men often quit, but they may fail due to the severe suffering caused by the symptoms of nicotine withdrawal that appear after quitting smoking. What are these symptoms?
What is nicotine?
Nicotine is a toxic compound found in the tobacco plant, and when the body gets used to it, it is constantly demanded because it becomes addicted to the tobacco from which nicotine is secreted. Let us now know the most important symptoms of nicotine withdrawal from the body.
What are the symptoms of nicotine withdrawal?
There are several symptoms of nicotine withdrawal from the body, the most important of which are:
1- Physical symptoms of nicotine withdrawal from the body
which is represented in:
Increase in weight
Sometimes a slight increase in weight occurs when quitting smoking, because cigarettes contain two chemicals (serotonin and dopamine) that reduce the sensation of hunger in smokers.
Therefore, when you stop smoking, the secretion of these two substances is stopped, the metabolism is regulated, and food is digested better, in other words, the efficiency of the functions of the body’s organs and their proper functioning increases, which leads to the opening of appetite, a sense of hunger and the desire to eat more food.
The first two weeks are the worst, most people gain 3 to 5 kg while trying to quit smoking.
Feeling a strong urge to smoke cigarettes
This is caused by the body’s need for nicotine, and it can start just 30 minutes after the last cigarette and peak in the first week of quitting.
You will need to do your best to avoid triggers that increase your desire to smoke, such as; Drinking alcohol or caffeine, in addition to the need to avoid being in an environment fertile with nicotine, that is, to stay away from passive smoking as much as possible.
Quitting smoking is accompanied by a feeling of weakness and fatigue, but it is a temporary and occasional feeling, and we can eliminate it by taking warm drinks and avoiding tea, coffee and all other stimuli.
When we smoke, many harmful substances enter the body such as; The nicotine that gives smokers a sense of euphoria.
So when we quit smoking, we feel fatigue, or perhaps lethargy, which is due on the one hand to the detoxification process to which the body is exposed, and on the other hand to the low level of nicotine in the blood, which acts as a natural catalyst for feeling energetic.
Together, these two factors lead to fatigue in the two to four weeks after stopping tobacco use.
dry mouth and cough
Dry throat and mouth, dry cough and a runny nose that mimic flu-like symptoms may also occur. Tobacco smoke slows down the movement of tiny hairs (also known as cilia) in the lungs and helps clear mucus.
When you stop smoking, these hairs become more active and begin to clear the lung of the accumulated mucus and this results in an increased cough, which continues for several weeks after the start of your quit, and this is one of the symptoms of nicotine withdrawal from the body that is eliminated by drinking water and a lot of fruit juices .
Change in voice and tingling of hands
When a smoker quits smoking, the voice changes and the presence of annoying hoarseness, but it quickly disappears, in addition to numbness in the hand that you used to hold the cigarette with during smoking as a result of the cessation of the muscle activity that you were doing in this hand, but you can stimulate it by practicing a sport with it. .
Quitting smoking is accompanied by dizziness, headache and lack of concentration, and these are the least common symptoms of nicotine withdrawal from the blood.
The elimination of headaches and dizziness is by taking a warm bath before bed, relaxing and practicing meditation exercises that restore the body to a proper and natural position.
Constipation may occur for two reasons, the first of which is a result of a slowdown in the movement of the small intestine, which leads to a feeling of gas, bloating and other digestive disorders.
The second reason may be related to smoking daily habits, including food, you drink a cigarette with coffee or tea, so the bowel movement is related to smoking as a habit, not as a chemical effect.
To explain this, the smoker usually starts his day by smoking one or two cigarettes, and this coincides with the time of breakfast and entering the bathroom in the morning, so the habit is established that smoking helps to facilitate the exit, and constipation occurs immediately after stopping smoking, specifically at the beginning of quitting.
2- Symptoms of nicotine withdrawal from the body
As for these symptoms, they include:
Feeling of stress and anxiety
Quitting smoking causes cases of anxiety and tension after the narcotic nicotine is gone in the body and may sometimes lead to depression.
Some scientific studies indicate that the levels of the enzyme monoamine oxide-A (MAO-A) in the areas of the brain responsible for controlling mood, rise by 25 percent 8 hours after quitting heavy smoking.
Therefore, the rise in this enzyme, in the first period of quitting smoking, makes the person feel sad.
Nervousness and anger
A person’s feeling of lack of endurance and patience, as he is quick to anger and these emotions are caused by the craving for smoking, and you can get rid of this by exercising in the open air.
It includes a weak ability to focus intellectually and restlessness due to the craving for smoking, which subsides after days or weeks, and the craving for smoking increases in the evening and decreases after waking up from sleep.
Lack of concentration and headache, especially in the first month of leaving it, may lead to impeding some physical movements such as driving a car.
What are the components of smoke?
One cigarette contains a group of dangerous and carcinogenic chemicals, the most important of which are:
This is the element that causes tobacco addiction, it is absorbed into the blood and affects the brain, and it is a very toxic compound. smoking.
2- carbon dioxide gas
It is the same gas that is emitted from the exhaust pipe in the car, and the presence of this compound in abundance in the blood prevents from carrying oxygen to the tissues through the circulatory system.
This leads to weakening the various organs of the body and damaging their cells, and the lack of oxygen leads to an increase in blood viscosity, and an increase in the smoker’s exposure to blood clots.
Tar itself contains many toxic substances in the body, and it is a thick sticky substance. When tar is inhaled, small hairs and cilia stick to the lungs, which leads to disruption of their work in protecting the lungs from dirt and infection, which affects the health and safety of the lungs in general.
How much nicotine remains in the body?
The body gets rid of 90% of nicotine through the liver, but part of it remains in the body and it takes between six to eight hours.
The most important facts about tobacco according to the World Health Organization:
Tobacco use is one of the greatest public health threats the world has ever witnessed, as it kills nearly six million people every year, including more than five million who use it or have used it.
Tobacco kills nearly half of its users.
About 80% of the world’s 1 billion smokers live in low- and middle-income countries.
Tobacco caused 100 million deaths in the twentieth century, and if current trends continue, it will cause nearly one billion deaths in the twenty-first century.
What are the best ways to quit smoking?
There are many ways to quit smoking, including direct cessation of smoking, and this is by permanently stopping smoking, as the body completely gets rid of nicotine within 48 hours.
The symptoms of nicotine withdrawal from the body begin to appear, reaching their climax during the first 72 hours of stopping, and then the withdrawal symptoms end within two weeks, and after the direct cessation of smoking, the person has nothing left but to maintain the continuation of quitting it forever, with the gradual disposal of psychological addiction on smoking.
There is another way to quit smoking, which is the indirect cessation of smoking, which is the other method that the smoker can follow if he cannot quit directly. If he smokes 30 cigarettes a day, for example, he can reduce the number of cigarettes until the number is reduced to one or two cigarettes per day, then It can be completely cut off.