There are several reasons that lead to upper stomach pain, and they can be serious causes and affect the health of the body and need to be treated, so what are they? The answer is below.

Some people complain of stomach pain in the upper region, because this region contains many vital parts of the digestive system, such as: the upper intestine, pancreas, gallbladder, liver, and others.

Thus, there are many causes that can lead to upper stomach pain, and the cause must be determined to find out the appropriate treatment. The following are the main causes of upper stomach pain:

Causes of upper stomach pain

body ache upper right side

body ache upper right side

Here are the main causes of upper stomach pain:
1. Gallstones
It is solid deposits of bile as well as other digestive fluids that form in the gallbladder, and is one of the most common causes of upper abdominal pain, specifically in the right side of the abdomen.

Stones can occur without symptoms, but if the stones block the bile ducts, they lead to pain, in addition to some other symptoms, such as: right shoulder pain, nausea and vomiting, back pain between the shoulders, and sudden and intense pain in the middle of the abdomen, specifically below the breastbone. .

If these symptoms appear, you should go to the doctor to ensure the presence of gallstones.

2. Hepatitis
When the liver becomes infected, inflammation can occur, which causes pain in the right side of the upper abdomen. There are three types of hepatitis, and they include the following:

Hepatitis A: It is an infection caused by eating contaminated food or drinking contaminated water, and it can also occur as a result of contact with an infected person.
Hepatitis B: a serious infection that can become chronic and may lead to serious complications, such as: liver failure, cirrhosis, or liver cancer.
Hepatitis C: a chronic viral infection transmitted through the blood of an infected person, and may cause hepatitis or cirrhosis of the liver.
Some other symptoms of hepatitis may be observed, such as: feeling weak, tired, nausea, vomiting, fever, loss of appetite, dark urine, joint pain, jaundice, and itchy skin.

3. Liver abscess
It is a pus-filled cyst in the liver and causes pain in the right side of the upper abdomen. It may be caused by bacteria, blood infection, or liver damage. It can also occur as a result of an infection in the abdomen, such as: appendicitis, or leakage of the intestine.

Liver abscess is not limited to upper abdominal pain, but can cause dark urine and stools with loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, sudden weight loss, jaundice, fever, chills, night sweats, and extreme fatigue.

4. Gastroesophageal reflux disease
It is acid reflux that irritates the lining of the esophagus. GERD can lead to heartburn, especially in the upper abdomen.

The chances of developing gastroesophageal reflux disease increase if you eat fatty and fatty foods, as well as acidic foods, and excessive intake of sugars.

5. Hiatal hernia
Hiatal hernia occurs when part of the stomach protrudes through the large muscles separating the diaphragm and abdomen, and this hernia causes pain in the left side of the upper part of the abdomen if it is large.

6. Gastritis
Gastritis is usually caused by a bacterial infection and overuse of painkillers can cause gastritis, leading to heartburn and upper stomach pain.

7. Peptic ulcer
Peptic ulcers occur within the lining of the stomach or in the upper part of the small intestine, and can be caused by a bacterial infection or prolonged use of painkillers and cause burning and pain in the left side of the upper abdomen.

8. Enlarged spleen
There are some causes that lead to an enlarged spleen, such as liver disease and infection of the spleen. The enlargement can be without symptoms, but in some cases it causes pain in the left side of the upper abdomen, and the pain may extend to the left shoulder.

9. Pancreatitis
The pancreas is located in the upper back of the abdomen, so the pain in the upper abdomen can be caused by pancreatitis, and the pain can come on suddenly or become chronic.

Upper stomach pain treatments
Treatments for upper stomach pain, depending on the cause, include:

Gallstones: The treatment is through some medications, or the doctor may have to remove the gallbladder.
Hepatitis: Treatment for hepatitis varies according to the cause of its occurrence and the patient’s condition. Some medications are prescribed to treat inflammation and infection, and treatment may last for life.
Liver abscess: In this case, the abscess needs to be removed to be treated, usually through a surgical procedure to remove it.
Gastroesophageal reflux disease: To treat gastroesophageal reflux disease, you must stop eating foods that irritate the lining of the esophagus, and the doctor will prescribe some medications that relieve pain.
Hiatal hernia: The treatment of hiatal hernia is by taking antibiotics and some other medications that the doctor prescribes, and the doctor may resort to surgical intervention.
Gastritis: The treatment of gastritis is through antibiotics that eliminate bacteria, and avoid eating foods that increase inflammation, such as spicy foods and others.
Peptic ulcer: You should consult a doctor if the pain persists in this area so that the situation does not worsen, and the doctor will prescribe some medications that treat ulcers.
Splenomegaly: Some cases of an enlarged spleen are treated with medications, but if medications fail to treat the problem, the doctor performs surgery to remove the spleen.
Pancreatitis: Early detection of pancreatitis helps treat the condition before it worsens, by taking some medications, but with the delay in the condition, the patient may need surgery.