Many people are afraid to get a coronavirus vaccine for fear of the side effects that may occur when getting any of the currently available vaccines. What are the most common side effects of vaccines? And how severe is it?
The most common side effects after receiving the Pfizer/Biontech or AstraZeneca/Oxford coronavirus vaccine are “mild and short-lived”, according to the Guardian website, based on the British government’s public health website.

These side effects may appear after vaccination with an anti-Corona vaccine.
Many are afraid of getting a vaccine against the Corona virus, for fear of side effects that may occur when obtaining any of the currently available vaccines. What are the most common side effects of vaccines? And how severe is it?
The most common side effects after receiving the Pfizer / Biontech or AstraZeneca / Oxford anti-coronavirus vaccine are “moderate and short-lived”, according to the Guardian website, based on the British government’s public health website.

The majority of symptoms are pain at the injection site, fatigue, or pain throughout the body accompanied by a headache.

However, initial reports showed that some of those who received the vaccine, especially the Pfizer/Biontech vaccine, developed severe allergic reactions. The UK Medicines and Health Care Products Agency (MHRA) recommends monitoring of all vaccinated people for at least 15 minutes immediately after vaccination.

In addition to the previous side effects, the Harvard Medical School website indicates the possibility of infection after vaccination with fever, chills or nausea and vomiting.

However, the American website warned of the mistake of blaming vaccines for every health problem that may occur after obtaining them. “If a thorough investigation shows that certain health problems are occurring at a higher than normal rate, then the vaccine can be blamed. And if it doesn’t, it’s often a bad coincidence that has nothing to do with the vaccine.”

It is worth noting that the AstraZeneca vaccine was accused of causing blood clots, prompting a number of countries to stop vaccination with it. However, the World Health Organization recommended continuing to use it because of its benefits in the face of the Corona virus, so that about 12 countries, including Germany and France, resumed the vaccination process with it again “accompanied by new advice regarding side effects.” Other doctors warn against taking analgesics and fever reducers to deal with the side effects of the vaccine in order to avoid depriving the body of sufficient time to interact with the vaccine, which may reduce its effectiveness, according to the German “Abonnet” website concerned with health and science news.

The website of the Centers for Disease Control in the United States “CDC” explains that in most cases, these side effects are evidence that the body is working to build immunity against the virus. The site recommends that you contact a specialist if symptoms persist for several days or develop for the worse.

So far, millions of people around the world have received the COVID-19 vaccine safely, so we are all one step closer to getting back to doing the activities we love with the people we love. Many have been anxiously awaiting the COVID-19 vaccines, but others have valid questions about the vaccination process and what awaits them when their turn arrives.

We spoke to UNICEF health experts to learn about the steps to getting vaccinated and some advice on what to do before, during and after receiving the vaccine.

Before going

You have to read about it. There is a lot of misinformation about vaccines online, so it is essential to get your information from trustworthy sources such as UNICEF and the World Health Organization. If you have any questions about receiving the COVID-19 vaccine, talk to your doctor. Currently, people with the following health conditions should not receive the COVID-19 vaccine in order to avoid any potential adverse effects:

Previous severe allergy to any component of the COVID-19 vaccine.
If you are currently ill or have symptoms of COVID-19 (but you can receive the vaccine after you have recovered and with your doctor’s approval).

Talk to your doctor. If you’ve ever had a severe allergic reaction to a vaccine or have questions about medications you’re currently taking, talk to your health care provider before your vaccination appointment.

take care of yourself. Sleep well before the vaccination and drink water to be in the best shape for the day.

during appointment
Do not forget about safety measures. Follow safety precautions at the vaccination center, such as physical distancing and wearing a mask while waiting.

to speak. Let your health care professional know if you have any medical conditions that might prevent receiving the vaccine (such as pregnancy or a weakened immune system).

Keep the documents. You should receive a vaccination card with the name of the COVID-19 vaccine you received, when and where you received it. Make sure to keep this card in good faith, as you may need it in the future.

After receiving the vaccine
Stay watched. Your health care provider should monitor you for 15 minutes after the vaccine is given to make sure you do not have any immediate reactions. But severe responses are very rare.

Be prepared for some side effects. Vaccines are designed to give you immunity without the risk of disease. While it is normal to build immunity without side effects, it is also common for some mild to moderate side effects that go away within a few days on their own.

Mild to moderate side effects that you may see after receiving the vaccine include:

Soreness in the arm at the injection site
mild fever
Muscle or joint pain
If any of the symptoms persist for more than a few days or if there is a very severe one, contact your health care provider immediately.

be patient. Building immunity takes time. You will be considered fully vaccinated 2 weeks after the second dose of the Pfizer-BioNtech or Moderna COVID-19 vaccine, 15 days after the second dose of AstraZeneca, or 2 weeks after the single-dose J&J/Janssen vaccine.

Keep yourself and others safe. While these vaccines are highly effective in protecting people from severe illness caused by the COVID-19 virus, we remain uncertain whether a person who has received the vaccine can spread the virus even without showing symptoms. Therefore, it is important to continue safety precautions to protect yourself and others, including: avoiding crowded places, physical distancing, washing hands, and wearing a mask