Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is an infectious disease caused by the emerging coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2).
Most people who get COVID-19 have mild or moderate symptoms and recover without special treatment. But some of them will become seriously ill and require medical attention.
How does the disease spread?
The virus can be transmitted from an infected person’s mouth or nose through small liquid particles when they cough, sneeze, speak, sing, or breathe. These particles range from large respiratory droplets to smaller aerosols.
You can get infected by breathing if you are close to someone who has COVID-19 or touch a contaminated surface and then touch your eyes, nose or mouth. The virus is transmitted more easily in indoor and crowded spaces.
COVID-19 affects different people in different ways. Most people who develop it have mild to moderate symptoms and recover without hospitalization.
The most common symptoms:
Loss of sense of taste or smell
Less common symptoms:
Sore throat
Aches and pains
A rash or a change in the color of the fingers or toes
Eye redness or irritation Serious symptoms
Difficulty or shortness of breath
Loss of speech, movement, or confusion
pain in chest
Seek immediate medical attention if you have serious symptoms. Always contact your doctor or health facility before going.
People with mild symptoms should treat their symptoms at home if they are otherwise well.
It takes an average of 5-6 days for a person to develop symptoms of infection, but it can take up to 14 days for symptoms to appear