If you suffer from symptoms (mouth ulcers, abdominal pain, diarrhea accompanied by blood or mucus, vitamin deficiency, weight loss, anemia, dehydration, joint pain sometimes accompanied by repeated infections of the eyes or skin), do not worry, you may have diseases Autoimmune in your digestive system, and your treatment may be simple with its early detection, by visiting a specialist as soon as these symptoms appear.

Dr. Osama Abdel Latif, consultant and teacher of allergy and immunology at Ain Shams Medicine, told Al-Ahram Gate that there are 3 autoimmune diseases of the digestive system, the infection of one of them is sufficient for the affected person to live in a state of constant anxiety, and constant daily disturbance, noting that neglecting the symptoms of these Diseases, and delayed treatment, threaten the life of the sufferer, as this leads to severe public health impairment, as a result of a lack of important and necessary nutrients for the body, a severe deficiency in vitamins, in addition to weight loss and anemia, in addition to the patient’s infection with all symptoms of malnutrition. and dehydration.

Dr. Osama added: The three diseases include Crohn’s disease, and its symptoms are (oral ulcers, stomach, intestines, and colon, recurrent abdominal pain, vomiting, frequent diarrhea that may be mixed with blood or mucus, and sometimes joint pain that may be accompanied by eye or skin inflammation). The second disease is ulcerative immune colitis, and its most important symptoms (abdominal pain, frequent diarrhea accompanied by blood or mucus, frequent rise in body temperature). Frequent, abdominal pain when exposed to baked goods and pasta made of wheat flour and containing gluten).

The consultant of allergy and immunology noted that early detection of these diseases ensures easy control of them, and eliminates the causes of daily inconvenience experienced by the sufferer, explaining that the diagnosis of autoimmune diseases in the digestive system is made through the accurate patient history of the affected case, clinical examination, and the work of a diagnostic endoscope. And withdrawing a sample from the affected area and examining it microscopically to confirm the diagnosis, warning against neglecting the symptoms of the three diseases, as they may pose a threat to the health and safety of the patient.

Diarrhea This term is used to denote the product of bowel action, i.e. watery and loose stools. This phenomenon is very common, but it does not pose a threat to life. Most people suffer from diarrhea once or twice a year.

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Diarrhea: causes, symptoms and treatment methods
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What is diarrhea?
Causes and risk factors
Diarrhea This term is used to denote the product of bowel action, i.e. watery and loose stools. This phenomenon is very common, but it does not pose a threat to life. Most people suffer from diarrhea once or twice a year.

In most cases, diarrhea lasts for two or three days, and diarrhea is generally treated with over-the-counter medications. There are people who suffer from diarrhea caused by irritable bowel syndrome or as a result of a group of other chronic intestinal diseases.

Various cases of diarrhea
Doctors usually divide diarrhea into three groups:

1. Osmotic diarrhea
It means that there is a factor that attracts fluids from the body to the intestines, a common example of this is diarrhea resulting from eating diet sweets or chewing gum that contain sugar substitutes such as sorbitol, which is not absorbed by the body and causes the body to secrete fluids in the intestines. diarrhea.

2. Secretory diarrhea
It occurs when the body secretes fluid into the intestines without it being needed. There are many types of infections, medications and various diseases that can cause this type of diarrhea.

3. Exudative or bloody diarrhea
It occurs when there is blood and pus in the stool. This type of diarrhea appears in patients with inflammatory intestinal diseases such as: Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis and in various intestinal infections.

Symptoms associated with diarrhea can be divided into two parts: mild diarrhea and acute diarrhea. The appearance of severe diarrhea may be an indication and evidence of another, more severe disease.

Symptoms of acute diarrhea can include:

Abdominal distension or intestinal cramps.
loose stools;
Watery stool.
Urgent feeling that the intestines need to work.
feeling nauseous and vomiting
In addition to the above, symptoms of acute diarrhea may also include the following side effects and effects:

The presence of blood, saliva or food that has not been properly digested in the stool.
Weight loss.
Diarrhea causes and risk factors
The most common cause of diarrhea is a virus that infects the intestine. This infection generally clears up spontaneously after two or three days and is sometimes called the gut flu, stomach flu, or gastroenteritis.

Diarrhea may be caused by:

An infection caused by a germ is the main cause of most cases of food poisoning.
Infections caused by other organisms.
Eating foods that irritate the digestive system.
Allergy to certain types of food.
some medicine.
Radiation treatments.
Intestinal diseases such as Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis.
Intestinal failure, when the body is unable to absorb certain foods effectively.
Increased secretion of the thyroid gland (Hyperthyroidism).
Certain types of cancer.
Misuse of some diarrhea-causing substances.
Gastrointestinal surgeries.
Diabetes (Diabetes).
Diarrhea can also occur following constipation, especially in people with irritable bowel syndrome, which is one of the causes of diarrhea that is important to know.

Complications of diarrhea
Persistent diarrhea causes a loss of large amounts of fluids and essential nutrients for the body. If a person has loose, watery stools more than three times a day and does not drink enough fluids, he may become dehydrated, which leads to severe complications that are life-threatening, if not It is processed as it should.

In the event of persistent diarrhea accompanied by any of the following signs and symptoms, the attending physician should be informed:

Dark colored urine.
Small amounts of urine when urinating.
Rapid heart rate.
dryness of the skin;
Feeling restless and restless.
Diarrhea in children
Diarrhea in children that has led to dehydration may be accompanied by one or more of the following signs and symptoms:

Dryness in the mouth or in the tongue.
Two sunken eyes or cheeks.
Interruption or decrease in the amount of tears.
A decrease in the amount of wet diapers.
Restlessness or apathy.
The skin remains wrinkled after pinching rather than returning to its normal smoothness.
Diagnosis of diarrhea
Diagnosis includes the following:

Blood test A complete blood count can help determine the cause of the diarrhea.
Stool test Your doctor may recommend a stool test to see if bacteria or parasites are causing the diarrhea.