Fever is often not taken as a disease in itself, but rather as a symptom of a disease or infection. So the correct treatment of the condition is first of knowing its cause.Fever is not considered a disease in itself. Rather, it is merely a symptom or evidence that something is wrong, such as having a certain inflammatory condition in the body. Therefore, the treatment of fever is related to knowing its causes and trying to treat it.
Normal temperature and measurement methods
The normal body temperature ranges between 36 – 38 degrees Celsius. In most, the body temperature measured in the morning is often half a degree Celsius lower than the hypothermia measured in the morning.
The temperature set by the thermostat is changed.
The main mechanism by which the body temperature rises is to increase the work of the muscles, and in the formation of the union it lasts
The main mechanism that leads to an increase in body temperature is an increase in muscle work, and in the acute form of fever, real chills appear.
A slight rise in temperature does not do any harm, but fever may be a mechanism that the body uses to push the infection. However, a noticeable or slight increase in temperature in patients with heart or lungs may cause damage, as the frequency of metabolic processes increases.
Causes of fever
The rise in body temperature occurs due to a change in the thermostat in the brain, and a significant increase in the temperature of the surrounding environment may lead to a rise in body temperature by absorbing heat from the external environment.
On the other hand, the body loses its heat that is released to the surrounding environment, whether through direct heat transfer to the environment, or by releasing heat outside the body or through sweating.
In most cases, the body temperature rises due to infection or inflammation. Here chemicals are released from white blood cells known as cytokines or interleukins that eventually lead to a change in the thermostat.
The most common causes of a slight increase in body temperature are:
Having a viral, infectious or bacterial disease, or any infection.
Inflammatory non-communicable diseases such as: joint diseases, autoimmune diseases, vasculitis.
Among the rare causes of high body temperature are various tumors and heat stroke.
It is not possible to accurately diagnose the type of disease by simply monitoring the temperature, but a skilled doctor can find out the cause of the fever according to the history of the disease and a physical examination, so that laboratory tests are used to confirm or deny the diagnosis.
The most difficult problem in cases of fever is the ability to distinguish between a mild and spontaneous situation (such as a viral upper respiratory disease or childhood illness) and a serious illness that requires special treatment.
Most infectious diseases that are caused by viruses (upper respiratory tract infections, colds) often resolve on their own within a few days, and there is no specific and effective treatment against the bulk of these diseases. Here are some tips for treatment:
Antipyretics (medicines to lower body temperature) may be used in these cases (such as paracetamol, dipyrone, or aspirin) if the body temperature is particularly high and causes pain or damage.
Aspirin is not recommended for children under the age of 13, especially during influenza or varicella (chickenpox), as the risk of developing Reye’s syndrome – the syndrome of a disorder of the liver and brain.
In addition to fever, there are other symptoms that accompany most bacterial diseases, such as: muscle pain, weakness, feeling cold, sweating, slight sore throat, nasal mucus and others.
In the majority of cases where the temperature does not rise to more than 38.5 ° C, and which are accompanied by the above symptoms, non-prescription antipyretic drugs can be used.
Many researches have been conducted that did not reveal any special and distinct pros or cons for any of these drugs, but in general, it is recommended to use Paracetamol, which is suitable for young children as well.
When should you go to the doctor?
The doctor should be referred to when the fever itself causes any harm, for example in the elderly or in patients with heart or lung disease, and when there is a danger that it is related to a serious or serious illness that needs specific treatment.
It is usually recommended to go to the doctor to treat the fever in the following cases:
Fever in young children at the age of two months.
Fever in the elderly 70 years of age and older.
Fever in a person with heart disease or chronic lung disease.
Fever accompanied by cough, chest pain and phlegm secretion.
Fever accompanied by severe headache, nausea or vomiting, or pain in the eyes.
Fever accompanied by pain in the throat, which impedes the process of swallowing.