The causes of lupus erythematosus due to its nature as an autoimmune disease, in which a person’s immune system attacks different organs or cells of the body, causing damage and dysfunction. It is a multi-infection disease of bodily systems, because it can affect many different tissues and organs in the body, Although lupus is a chronic disease, it is characterized by different periods of disease activity that increases and decreases, and here we present to you the symptoms of lupus erythematosus until early diagnosis and then early treatment of lupus.

Symptoms of lupus erythematosus

Symptoms are usually very general, sometimes making the diagnosis difficult, but the most common initial complaints are fatigue, fever, and muscle and joint aches.

Fatigue is the most common complaint.

Fever during lupus flares is usually low-grade and rarely exceeds 102 degrees Fahrenheit.

Muscular and joint pain, sometimes with swelling.

Other symptoms of lupus erythematosus

Although lupus is a multisystem disease, some organs are affected more than others:

musculoskeletal system

Joint pain is more common than arthritis in people with lupus, and the joints most affected are the joints of the hands, knees, and wrists, and people with lupus, especially those who need high doses of corticosteroids, can suffer from a certain type of injury that lowers In the blood flow to the bones, causing bone death (avascular necrosis), the muscles themselves can become extremely inflamed and painful, contributing to weakness and fatigue.

skin and hair

Complications on the skin occur in more than 90% of people with lupus, and lupus skin symptoms are more common in people with white skin than in people with dark skin, and it is a type of rash that is reflected in redness on the cheeks, usually occurs on the face and scalp and can be It leads to loss of scalp hair (alopecia).

the kidneys

Early signs of kidney disease can be detected by routine urine testing (urinalysis), then determining the cause of the kidney disease as related to lupus, and also to determine the stage of the kidney disease in order to optimally guide treatment.

heart and blood vessels

Inflammation of the sac surrounding the heart, the most common form of heart disease in people with lupus, this causes chest pain and can lead to a heart attack, as well as atherosclerosis and angina pectoris, and in some people with lupus, the arterial blood supply to the hand can be interrupted Cause artery spasm.

Lupus can be defined as a chronic autoimmune disease that damages any part of the body (such as: skin, organs, joints).

It is considered a non-contagious disease in which the immune system attacks the body’s cells in general as a foreign body, and it causes many diseases called autoimmune diseases, including lupus, which attacks the body’s organs.

In this article, we will discuss more about the causes, symptoms and methods of treating SLE through a dermatologist at Duxpert.

What is lupus erythematosus?
It is a chronic skin disease that causes red spots to appear on the surface of the skin in the cheek area, and the degree of its severity varies according to the nature of each case. The reason is due to a defect in the immune system.

Through the following lines, we will learn about the symptoms of lupus erythematosus.

Symptoms of lupus erythematosus
Symptoms of lupus erythematosus can appear suddenly and range from mild or severe, and can be temporary or permanent, and the symptoms depend on the nature of each body and these symptoms include:

Feeling of pain, stiffness, stiffness and swelling of the joints. Feeling very tired. Ulcers appearing in the mouth and nose. The appearance of a rash on the face (in the form of a butterfly). Feeling of chest pain. Impairment in the work of kidney function. An increase in body temperature. Extreme sensitivity to light. Feeling short of breath. Significant weight loss, severe dry eyes. Headache and memory loss. Fingers or toes change color to white or blue in case of exposure to cold or exposure to psychological stress.

Causes of lupus erythematosus
There is no specific cause for SLE, and this disease arises as a result of environmental, genetic, hormonal factors and genetic predisposition to SLE, but there are some factors that can lead to infection with this disease, which we will address through the following lines:

Infection, disease, or infection with certain types of bacteria.
Exposure to the sun at noon.
Taking some medicines that can cause SLE (such as: high blood pressure medicines, anti-epileptic medicines and antibiotics as well).
The occurrence of hormonal changes, especially during puberty.
Smoking intake.
Complications of lupus erythematosus
SLE can cause kidney damage and, in other cases, kidney failure. People with SLE can experience headaches, dizziness, behavioral changes, vision problems and memory problems. SLE can lead to blood-related problems such as anemia, blood clots, or vasculitis. Infection in the lining of the chest cavity, and in some cases this leads to bleeding inside the lungs and pneumonia. Weakness and deterioration of the bone condition. Pregnancy complications, which can increase the risks of miscarriage, high blood pressure during pregnancy and preterm birth.. SLE weakens the heart muscle, and the risk of cardiovascular disease and heart attacks increases severely.
Methods for diagnosing lupus erythematosus
It cannot be said that there is a specific method for diagnosing SLE. Among the methods that the dermatologist relies on “Duxpert” in diagnosing SLE are:

Physical examination and detection of family history of lupus erythematosus. Perform blood analysis tests by testing the number of red and white blood cells, platelets and detecting the amount of hemoglobin, a protein found in red blood cells. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (erythrocyte sedimentation rate) test to detect lupus erythematosus. Performing a urinalysis, which shows if there is an increase in the level of protein or red blood cells in the urine, a skin or kidney biopsy test to detect signs of SLE. X-ray imaging.
lupus erythematosus treatment
There are several methods followed by the dermatologist at Duxpert in treating this type of disease, after conducting the necessary examinations and accordingly, the appropriate treatment plan is determined according to the nature of each case:

drug therapy
There are three common types of medication used to treat lupus erythematosus:

Corticosteroids, which are used to treat lupus erythematosus. Prescribing immunosuppressive drugs, which stop the immune system from attacking, and are useful in some serious cases. Take biologic medications, as they are prescribed to reduce symptoms and reduce the severity of SLE. Antimalarials, which affect the immune system and help reduce the risk of lupus infections. cortisone medications
Lifestyle change therapy
Changing the lifestyle and lifestyle may help you to reduce the severity of the disease and reduce its severity, which are as follows:

Working on regular periodic examinations, as it is useful in detecting the onset of health problems and treating them at the beginning.
Follow a healthy diet and pay attention to exercise, which is useful in preventing the emergence of complications of lupus erythematosus. Sport also works to strengthen the bones of the body, reduce the risk of heart attacks, enhance blood circulation, and avoid nervous stress and depression.
Avoid exposure to the hot sun. Sun protection creams must be applied, sunglasses and a hat to avoid exposure to the sun.
Refrain from smoking because it increases the risk of cardiovascular diseases and atherosclerosis and increases the severity of the effects of lupus on the heart and blood vessels.
Getting enough sleep and rest to relieve the fatigue and fatigue that afflicts SLE patients, which is different from the normal fatigue that normal people feel.
Take vitamin D and calcium supplements.
Alternative medicine therapy
SLE can be treated through alternative medicine such as:

Take supplements that contain the hormone dehydroepiandrosterone, which improves fatigue and muscle pain. Take supplements that contain fish oil, because it contains fatty acids and omega-3 oil, which are useful in treating SLE. Acupuncture helps relieve muscle soreness associated with SLE. Eating flaxseeds because they contain a fatty acid that reduces inflammation in the body and the inflammation of lupus erythematosus.