A UTI occurs when one or more parts of the urinary system (kidneys, ureters, bladder, or urethra) become infected with pathogens (most often bacteria). UTIs most commonly occur in females; About 50% of all females develop a UTI during their lifetime. Many UTIs are not dangerous, but if the infection reaches the kidneys, serious illness, and even death, can occur. In this report, we learn about the symptoms of a UTI,
UTI symptoms are numerous and bladder infections are the most common type of UTI. Some individuals may have few or no symptoms; However, the usual symptoms include dysuria (pain or burning during urination), lower abdominal pain or cloudy, foul-smelling or unusual urine.
Symptoms of a urinary tract infection due to a kidney infection
Some bladder infections do not resolve and get worse as pathogens travel (back up) to the ureters to the kidneys Symptoms may include those mentioned in bladder infections on the previous slide, but often include other symptoms such as lower back pain (flank pain on one or both sides) and fever Chills, nausea and/or vomiting.
Although a bladder infection is not a medical emergency, the following individuals have a higher risk of developing urinary complications such as spreading the infection to the kidneys or elsewhere in the body:
Individuals with kidney problems such as kidney stones or blockages
– Patients with immunodeficiency
Men with an enlarged prostate
People with urinary retention and/or catheterization.
The vast majority of UTIs begin when pathogens (usually bacteria such as E. coli) reach the urethra and then travel (backward) up the urethra to the bladder. Urine is usually sterile until it reaches the distal urethra. Women have a shorter urethra than men, and most doctors believe that a shorter urethra is the main reason why women get more UTIs than men.
A UTI is an infection of any part of your urinary system: the kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra. Most infections involve the lower urinary tract (bladder and urethra).
Women are more likely to have a UTI than men. An infection that is confined to your bladder can be painful and bothersome. But serious consequences may occur if the UTI spreads to the kidneys.
Urinary tract infection does not cause signs and symptoms in all cases, but when they do occur, they may include:
A strong and constant need to urinate
Feeling of burning when urinating
Urinating small amounts frequently
Red, light pink, or cola-colored urine, which are signs of blood in the urine
Urine has a strong smell
Pelvic pain in women, especially in the middle of the pelvis and around the pubic bone area
UTI symptoms may not be noticed, or they may be confused with other conditions in older adults.
Types of urinary tract infection
Each type of UTI may produce more specific signs and symptoms, depending on which part of the urinary tract is affected.
Urinary tract infections usually occur when bacteria enter the urinary tract through the urethra and begin to multiply in the bladder. Although the urinary system is designed to fend off the invasion of these microorganisms, its defenses sometimes fail. When that happens, the bacteria may settle there and grow into a full-blown urinary tract infection.
The most common type of UTI most often affects women and affects the bladder and urethra.
Cystitis. This type of UTI is usually caused by Escherichia coli, a type of bacteria commonly found in the digestive system. But sometimes other types of bacteria are to blame.
Sexual contact can lead to cystitis, but you don’t have to be sexually active to get it. All women are at risk of developing cystitis because of their anatomy, and specifically because of the short distance from the urethra to the anus and from the urethral opening to the bladder.
Urethritis. This type of UTI can occur when bacteria from the digestive system spread from the anus to the urethra. In addition, because the female urethra is close to the vagina, sexually transmitted infections, such as herpes, gonorrhea, chlamydia and mycoplasma, can cause urethritis.
Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are a common problem in women, with many of them exposed to more than one infection during their lifetime. Women-specific risk factors for a UTI include:
Female Anatomy. Women have a shorter urethra than men, which reduces the distance bacteria must travel to reach the bladder.
sexual activity. Women who have sex get more UTIs than women who don’t have sex. Having sex with a new person increases the risk of infection.
Certain types of contraceptives. Women who use the diaphragm to prevent pregnancy may be at greater risk of infection, as may women who use spermicides.
Menopause. After menopause, low estrogen levels in the body cause changes in the urinary tract that make you more susceptible to infections.
Other risk factors for a UTI include:
Urinary tract abnormalities. Children born with abnormalities of the urinary tract that do not allow urine to pass out of the body normally or cause urine to accumulate in the urethra are more likely to develop a UTI.
Blockages in the urinary tract. Kidney stones or an enlarged prostate may cause urine to remain in the bladder and increase the risk of a urinary tract infection.
Weakened immune system. Diabetes and other diseases that weaken the immune system, which defends the body against germs, can increase the risk of developing a UTI.
Use of a catheter. People who can’t urinate without help and use a tube (catheter) to urinate are more likely to get a UTI. This may include people who are hospitalized, people with neurological disorders that make it difficult to control their ability to urinate, and people who are paralyzed.
Have recently had a urological procedure. Urological surgeries or examinations that involve inserting medical instruments may increase the risk of developing a UTI.
Lower UTIs rarely cause complications when treated promptly and properly, but left untreated, they can have serious consequences.
Complications of a UTI may include:
Recurring infections, especially in women who have had two or more UTIs in a period of six months, or four months, or more within a year.
Permanent damage to the kidneys from an acute or chronic kidney infection (pyelonephritis) due to an untreated urinary tract infection.
An increased risk for pregnant women to have a baby with a lower birth weight or a premature baby.
Urethral strictures in men as a result of recurring urethritis previously observed with gonococcal urethritis.
Sepsis is a potentially life-threatening complication of infection, especially if the infection travels up the urinary tract to the kidneys.