Common Medical Conditions
If you or a loved one is facing a common medical condition—sore throat, sprained ankle or an ongoing condition, such as diabetes, among others—a family medicine provider with Altru Health System can help improve overall health and quality of life.

You may be tempted to treat non-emergent health conditions and injuries on your own or to simply wait out the discomfort. However, you do not need to face these medical conditions alone. Family medicine providers at Altru are trained to manage the full spectrum of common medical conditions affecting both children and adults. Together, you and your provider can take steps to treat your illness and enhance your health.

Through appointments at Altru Express, providers can treat or help manage many of the common conditions noted below to get you or your loved one back to your everyday, healthy routine.

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Acute Illness
Abdominal pain

Common causes—appendicitis, gallstones, gas, indigestion, intestinal blockage, kidney stones, stomach virus
Symptoms—cramps, generalized pain, localized pain, pain that comes and goes
Bladder infection

Causes—migration of germs into the urethra and bladder
Symptoms—burning and pain when urinating, cloudy urine, cramping and pressure in the back and lower portion of the abdomen, frequent urge to urinate, low-grade fever
Back pain

Common causes—arthritis, injuries such as fractures and sprains, fibromyalgia, infections, kidney stones, muscle spasms, muscle tension, pregnancy, ruptured disks, scoliosis, spinal stenosis, stress, tumors
Symptoms—pain, stiffness, trouble standing up straight, decreased movement
Common cold

Cause—virus
Symptoms—congestion, cough, headache, loss of appetite, low-grade fever, runny nose, sneezing, sore throat
Ear infection

Causes—bacterial or viral infection in the middle ear
Symptoms—diarrhea, full feeling in the ear, hearing loss, ear pain, vomiting
Influenza

Cause—virus
Symptoms—body aches, chills, dizziness, fatigue, fever, flushed cheeks, headache, nausea, vomiting
Heartburn

Causes—backflow of stomach acid from the stomach to the esophagus or hiatal hernia, when a portion of the stomach pushes through the diaphragm into the chest area
Symptoms—belching, burning and sour taste in the back of the throat, cough, hoarseness, chest pain that may worsen when you recline or exercise after eating
Joint pain

Causes—arthritis, frequent use, overuse, sport injuries
Symptoms—pain, stiffness, swelling, decreased range of motion
Migraine

Causes—unknown, but triggers may include certain medications, changes in serotonin levels, dehydration, hormone changes, stress
Symptoms—dull or throbbing pain on one or both sides of the head, cold sweats, trouble concentrating, dizziness, fatigue, weakness, decreased appetite, light sensitivity
Mononucleosis

Cause—virus
Symptoms—fatigue, fever, headache, muscle soreness, rash, sore throat, stiffness, swollen lymph glands, decreased appetite
Conjunctivitis or pink eye

Causes—allergies, dry eyes, infection, irritants
Symptoms—blurry vision, crustiness on the eyelids that forms when sleeping, eye pain, feeling of grit in the eyes, itchiness in the eyes, light sensitivity, redness in the eyes, increased tear production
Rashes and skin conditions

Causes—allergies, genetics, heat, immune system disorders, irritants
Symptoms—burning, dryness, itchy skin, redness, swelling
Sinus infection

Causes—bacterial or viral infection
Symptoms—bad breath; coughing, decreased sense of smell; facial tenderness and pressure, especially behind the eyes; fatigue; headache; nasal congestion; discolored nasal discharge; toothache
Strep throat

Cause—bacterial infection
Symptoms—abdominal pain, fever, headache, rash under the arms, redness and swelling in the tonsils, sore throat, sore and swollen glands, vomiting, white spots in the throat or on the tonsils
Injury
Fractures

Cause—breaking of a bone
Symptoms—bleeding, bone protrusion, broken skin, bruising, compromised mobility, pain, swelling, inability to bear weight
Sprains

Causes—stretching or tearing of a ligament, the tissue that connects bones at the joints; may be a result of a fall, impact injury or twist
Chronic Diseases and Conditions
Arthritis

Causes—bone and joint disorders, genetics, injuries, metabolic disorders, repetitive use
Symptoms—cracking sound when the joints bend, limited range of motion, pain and stiffness in the joints, especially after overuse, resting or engaging in activity for extended periods of time, swelling around the joints
Diabetes

Causes of Type 1 diabetes—genetics and environmental factors causing the immune system to destroy cells in the pancreas that produce insulin
Causes of Type 2 diabetes—inactivity, carrying excess weight in the midsection and being overweight
Other causes of diabetes—certain medications, genetic mutations
Symptoms of both—blurred vision, excessive thirst, extreme fatigue, feeling hungry even when eating, slow-healing bruises and cuts, frequent urination, weight loss, numbness, pain and tingling in hands and feet
Heart disease

Causes—buildup of plaque in the arteries, diabetes, heart defects, smoking, stress
Symptoms—chest pain, shortness of breath, swelling in the ankles, pain, numbness and coldness in the hands and feet
High blood pressure

Causes—diet high in fat and salt, diabetes, excessive alcohol intake, high cholesterol, hormone and kidney conditions, obesity, smoking, stress
Symptoms—typically no symptoms, but can lead to heart disease and kidney complications
High cholesterol

Causes—diet, genes, inactivity, obesity, smoking
Behavioral Health
Anxiety

Causes—brain chemistry, genetics, personality, stress, trauma
Symptoms—difficulty concentrating, fatigue, frequent tension or worry, insomnia, irritability, restlessness
Depression

Causes—biological, environmental, genetic and psychological factors
Symptoms—fatigue, feelings of hopelessness, sadness and worthlessness, insomnia, irritability, suicidal thoughts, trouble concentrating, weight changes
*Note: This is not a complete list of conditions Altru providers can treat.