Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic autoimmune disease that affects the joints.
It leads to joint tissue damage; This results in severe, long-lasting or chronic pain. Rheumatoid arthritis also affects other tissues around the body, thus causing problems in other organs of the body, such as in the lungs, heart and eyes.
And through this article, we will address everything related to rheumatoid arthritis, its most important causes, symptoms and treatment methods through the orthopedic doctor at Duxpert.
It is considered one of the chronic diseases that affect the joints and affect other parts of the body, causing swelling of the joints accompanied by severe pain in the joint, and the latter may end in distorting the shape of the joint and the nature of movement. So far, the main cause of rheumatoid arthritis is not known.
Causes of rheumatoid arthritis
There is no clear cause of rheumatoid arthritis, but there are some factors that can affect the incidence of this chronic inflammation, which are as follows:
A person gets this when the immune system attacks the membranes surrounding the joints and works to destroy the cartilage and bone inside the joint, thus weakening the tendons, nerves, and ligaments that hold the joint, which leads to the joint losing its normal shape and deformities.
The presence of a genetic or hereditary factor affected by such a disease.
Exposure to viruses, bacteria and infections that lead to disease.
Overweight and obesity.
Women are more likely to develop rheumatoid arthritis.
Excessive smoking or air pollution with pesticides and other chemicals.
Aging and reaching old age.
There are some symptoms that you feel if you have this type of disease, including the following:
Feeling of chronic pain in the joints The presence of swelling in the joints Stiffness and stiffness in the movement of the joints, especially in the morning The sensitivity of the joints The presence of redness and swelling in the palms of the hands Feeling of constant fatigue High body temperature, especially in the area of the affected joint. Significant weight loss Skin discoloration Skin rash Deformities in the joints
Methods for diagnosing rheumatoid arthritis
There are many diagnostic methods that the rheumatologist performs at “Duxpert” to determine the appropriate treatment plan for each case, and among the following diagnostic methods:
Conducting a blood analysis to check the erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein in cases affected by this type of disease. Examination of the fluid in the affected joint.
An arthroscopy is performed to take clear pictures of the shape of the joint.
Carrying out imaging tests such as: MRI, ultrasound, X-ray or CT scan to detect the severity, shape and severity of the injury.
Complications of rheumatoid arthritis
In the event of neglecting to treat it, this leads to complications, which include:
Exposure to osteoporosis, as people with rheumatoid arthritis are more likely to develop weak and osteoporosis. Rheumatoid arthritis causes dry eyes and mouth, a disorder that reduces the amount of moisture in the eyes and mouth. Infections increased as a result of taking many medications to strengthen the immune system to combat rheumatoid arthritis. High fat percentage and low muscle mass density. Carpal tunnel syndrome affects the functions of the hands and finger movement as a result of rheumatoid arthritis. Exposure to heart problems as a result of exposure to rheumatoid arthritis. The occurrence of lung diseases that lead to poor breathing in people with rheumatoid arthritis.
Treatment methods differ from one case to another according to the nature of the case and its diagnosis, and accordingly, the appropriate treatment methods are determined. Among the different treatment methods are the following:
An orthopedic doctor prescribes some types of medications that depend on reducing the severity of symptoms and the extent of rheumatoid arthritis, including:
Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs that relieve pain and reduce inflammation.
Taking steroid medication such as prednisone because of its important role in relieving inflammation and pain and slowing the damage and deformation of the joints.
Antirheumatic drugs. These medications can slow the complications of rheumatoid arthritis and keep joints and other surrounding tissues from permanent damage.
A Duxpert physiotherapist provides professional training and education to help you maintain joint mobility and flexibility. There are many physiotherapy methods that rely on treating and relieving symptoms associated with disease, and some exercises help in the movement of the joints to soften and flexible movement.
Surgical operations are resorted to in the event that medication treatment fails to prevent the complications of joint stiffness and stiffness, and surgery is resorted to to repair or replace the damaged joint. The surgery also helps reduce pain and improve its function.
Surgical procedures include:
Synovectomy or replacement of the synovium as a result of rheumatoid arthritis can be performed in the knees, elbows, fingers, hips and wrists. Repairing tendon damage as a result of this type of disease that damages the joints and tendons surrounding the joint. Fragmentation of joint fractures or joint realignment to relieve pain. Total joint replacement surgery to remove damaged parts of the joint.
To avoid its complications and alleviate its symptoms, it is necessary to change the lifestyle and system, which include:
Attention to following a healthy lifestyle that contains all the nutrients the body needs while maintaining a healthy weight.
It is necessary to quit smoking because it is one of the causes of this infection
The need to maintain physical activity and exercise for 30 minutes a day, such as walking, swimming, or cycling.
Ensure the health and strength of bones by early detection of bone density and mass.