What is the difference between colds and flu?
You can prevent getting the flu by washing your hands frequently. Avoid contact with infected people. And if you feel unwell, you can stay at home away from work, school, or social gatherings.54

In most cases, people with influenza recover within five to seven days; By getting enough rest and drinking plenty of fluids. Prescription flu medications can also help relieve symptoms.

Always consult your doctor if you suspect you have the flu, especially for people at risk, such as the elderly, young children, or those with weak immune systems.

The term “influenza” is often used to refer to a number of illnesses, and it can sometimes be confused with the common cold.51


Influenza is actually a respiratory illness caused by viruses that can lead to fevers, headaches, coughs, sore throats, and muscle aches. There are many types of viruses that may cause cases of influenza. Most attack the body’s respiratory system — the lungs and airways, including the throat and nose — causing standard flu symptoms: 51
dry cough
sore throat
High fever, chills and sweating
headache
Muscle aches or body aches
Fatigue and weakness.

Sometimes it’s hard to tell the difference between the flu and a cold by symptoms alone. However, in general: 53,52
Flu symptoms last longer, and may be accompanied by fever, shivering, and muscle aches
Symptoms of the common cold tend to last for a shorter period, and usually only include a runny nose and a mild fever.

Causes and treatment of sinus pain

Sinus pain combines common cold symptoms — such as a stuffy or runny nose, sneezing, sore throat, and coughing — with facial pain and tenderness.

Colds and Flu – When to see a doctor?
Most colds and flus get better without any medical treatment. However, see a doctor if the child or injured adult: 56

Refuses to drink water or other liquids
vomiting constantly
Complains of severe headache or earache
Has trouble breathing
He has a persistent cough
Has a cough to the point of secreting rusty or bloody phlegm
Has a high fever that does not respond to paracetamol or ibuprofen
No improvement in 48 hours
Both colds and flu are caused by a viral infection. The most common virus is rhinovirus.55 The viruses that cause influenza vary according to seasons and geographic regions. While colds and flu have some common symptoms, there are also some differences.
The common cold usually lasts for one to two days and is accompanied by the following symptoms: 56

Sometimes a fever but it’s usually mild
Runny or stuffy nose and sinus congestion
sore throat
cough
sneezing
headaches
Redness and watering in the eyes
Loss of appetite and sometimes nausea and vomiting.

The flu is likely to last at least a week and be accompanied by more severe symptoms, including: 56

high fever
Feeling of dryness in the nose and throat
Cases of trembling and sweating
Feeling aches and pains in the muscles, especially in the back, arms and legs
cough
headaches.