A Baker’s cyst is a fluid-filled cyst that causes a bump and a feeling of tightness behind the knee. The pain may get worse when the knee is fully flexed or flexed when you are active.

A Baker’s cyst, also called a popliteal cyst, usually results from a problem with the knee joint, such as arthritis or a meniscus tear. Both conditions can cause the knee to produce too much fluid, which may lead to a Baker’s cyst.

In some cases, a Baker’s cyst causes no pain, and you may not even notice it. If you already have signs and symptoms, they may include:

Swelling behind your knee joint, and sometimes in your leg
knee pain
Neck stiffness or inability to fully bend the neck
Symptoms may worsen after being active or after standing for a long time.

When do you visit the doctor?
If you have pain and swelling behind the knee, see a doctor. Although unlikely, swelling behind your knee could be a sign of a more serious condition than a fluid-filled sac.

the reasons
A lubricant called synovial fluid helps your leg swing comfortably and reduces friction between the moving parts of your knee.

But sometimes, your knee produces too much synovial fluid; This causes fluid to build up at the back of your knee (popliteal bursa), causing a Baker’s cyst. This can happen as a result of:

Knee arthritis, as happens with many types of arthritis
A knee injury, such as a meniscus tear
In rare cases, a Baker’s cyst opens and synovial fluid leaks into the calf (or calf) area, causing:

Sharp pain in the knee
Calf swelling
Sometimes, redness in the calf or a feeling of water seeping into the calf
These signs and symptoms are almost identical to those of a blood clot in a man’s vein. If you have swelling or redness in your calf, you will need to get a medical examination right away to make sure there is no more serious cause of your symptoms.

These tendons are exposed to frequent use, especially with age, which causes their inflammation, and the chance of developing tendinitis behind the knee increases in some groups, such as: athletes such as runners and swimmers, as a result of the frequent use of tendons that are located behind the knee.

In the following, we will learn about the most important ways to treat tendinitis behind the knee:
What are the ways to treat tendonitis behind the knee?
Treating tendinitis behind the knee is possible and not difficult or impossible, and if there is a feeling of pain behind the knee, especially behind the thigh, you should see a doctor.

Behind the knee tendinitis may be treated with easy-to-use home methods, but you may need to see a doctor if the situation is worse, and generally it may progress to become worse if the tendinitis behind the knee is not treated.

The problem is that knee pain can have several causes. If it is proven that knee pain is caused by tendinitis behind the knee, the doctor will prescribe the appropriate treatment.

There are several ways to treat tendinitis behind the knee, some of them are listed below:

1. Home solutions
The problem is mainly behind the inflammation of the tendons behind the knee by overusing those tendons, or in other words, by moving too much.

Therefore, the treatment of tendinitis behind the knee begins with taking a rest, in addition to covering the knee with a mold of ice before tying it with a piece of cloth. Of course, this process must be repeated.

2. Do not sit for long periods of time
Rest is mentioned as a type of treatment for tendinitis behind the knee, but the results will be very negative if rest is taken too much.

Excessive rest puts pressure on these tendons, causing increased pain.

3. Pressure wave therapy
Waves of pressure are directed towards the area where the inflamed tendons are located. This helps increase blood flow towards the inflamed tendons.

It is preferable to use this method in the treatment of tendinitis behind the knee for several reasons, which we mention as follows:

This method is painless and does not require any surgery.
This method of treatment increases the speed of return to normal life, and increases the speed of recovery.
This method of treatment is free from side effects.
4. Medicines
Treatment for tendinitis behind the knee may include taking anti-inflammatory painkillers, which relieve the pain.

5. Massage
A knee massage can help relieve the pain caused by tendinitis behind the knee.

6. Physiotherapy
Physiotherapy is used in one of the two cases, before and after surgery.

In any case, physical therapy increases blood flow to the inflamed tendons behind the knee, which increases the speed of treatment and recovery.

7. Steroid injections
If the body does not respond to these treatments, the doctor may initially resort to injecting steroids, which works to stop the pain for several days.

8. Surgery
If it is difficult, the doctor may resort to performing an operation.