The most common causes of muscle aches include:
Symptoms of stress include:
- heart palpitations or an increased heart rate
- high blood pressure
- chest pains
- feeling breathless or hyperventilating
People can try to combat stress by learning relaxation techniques and removing themselves from stressful situations where possible.
A person may experience muscular aches and pains because they are not getting the proper nutrition from their diet.
Hypocalcemia is a condition in which the blood calcium level is low, which can affect the bones and organs in addition to the muscles.
A person who is dehydrated may experience muscle aches.
Drinking enough water is vital to keep the body functioning properly as it can quickly begin to shut down without adequate fluids. Dehydration causes essential bodily functions, such as breathing and digestion, to become more difficult.
People should be aware of how much water they are drinking. The recommended amount is 6–8 glasses of water each day. If hot weather or exercise causes a person to sweat more than usual, they will need to drink more than this.
Sprains and strains
Strains, sprains, and other injuries can cause muscle pain and discomfort.
People may find that a particular area of the body becomes stiff and achy if it is injured. Pulling muscles can also cause muscle soreness.
Some sprains and strains do not need treatment, but a person should rest, take over-the-counter (OTC) pain relievers, or use heat packs to ease the symptoms.
However, if the injury is causing significant pain, restricting normal movement, or not improving with time, it is advisable to make an appointment with a doctor.
A lack of sleep can have a severe impact on the body.
Sleep allows the body to rest and recuperate, and a person’s muscles may ache if they do not get enough sleep.
A lack of quality sleep can also make people feel sluggish and slow. It can affect people’s ability to think clearly and make it harder for them to carry out everyday tasks.
Too much physical activity
Overdoing exercise can lead to stiff, sore muscles.
The following factors can make a person more susceptible to muscle aches and pains when exercising:
- being unused to exercise
- trying a new exercise
- exercising more intensely or for longer than usual
- failing to warm up or stretch properly
Infections, diseases, and hereditary conditions
Many different medical issues can cause muscle aches. Conditions that most commonly affect the muscles include:
- chronic fatigue syndrome
- influenza, known as flu
- Lyme disease
- multiple sclerosis (MS)
- mononucleosis, often called mono