left side of body ache near hip

left side of body ache near hip

The Most Common Reasons Women Have Left-Sided Groin Pain

The groin area is where your abdomen transitions into your lower body and legs. It’s located near the hips, above your upper thighs and below your stomach.

Pain or discomfort in your groin area is most commonly a result of straining, pulling, or tearing one of several groups of groin muscles or ligaments. This is especially common if you’re athletic or do a lot of daily physical labor.

An injury is usually to blame when you feel pain on one or both sides of your groin area.

While injury or inflammation can be the most common cause for that groin pain, we’ll discuss other potential causes below.

Most common causes

The most common cause of left-sided groin pain is an injury caused by overexerting or overusing muscles in your groin area. Groin injuries can also result in inflammation near the injury that can cause even more pain when you move.

This type of injury is especially common if you’re active or an athlete. Injuries in this area are typically strained, sprained, stretched, or torn leg tissues that connect the leg to the groin, including:

  • adductor muscles on the inner part of the thigh
  • ligaments
  • tendons

Other common causes of left-side groin pain include:

  • kidney stones, which happen when calcium or other minerals build up and harden in your kidneys and bladder
  • broken or fractured bones in the groin area, especially around the pelvic bone or where the femur (upper leg bone) meets the pelvis
 
Other causes

While less common, there are several other possible causes for left-sided groin pain. These conditions typically occur only on one side of the groin area, so it is possible to experience them on your right side as well.

Enlarged lymph nodes

Lymph nodes are glands that circulate a clear fluid called lymph throughout your body. Lymph stores white bloods cells that support your immune system by fighting off infectious bacteria or foreign material.

There are numerous lymph nodes in both sides of your groin area called inguinal nodes. Like all lymph nodes, they can get inflamed and enlarged by the presence of infections, inflammation, or tumors.

Often, lymph nodes will get swollen on only one side of the body, which could be the left side. Swollen lymph nodes can result in groin pain and discomfort.

Inguinal hernia

Inguinal hernias are another possible cause of one-sided groin pain. These happen when tissues in your abdomen, like your small intestines, slip through openings or weak areas in your groin muscles into the side of your groin (the left side, if your pain is on the left).

This causes pain or discomfort in your groin and can also result in a bulge visible under the skin.

Urinary tract infection (UTI)

Urinary tract infections (UTIs) happen when infectious bacteria, viruses, or other microscopic infected foreign matter get into your urinary tract.

Your urinary tract is made up of your:

  • kidneys, which filter chemicals and other substances from your body
  • ureters, which transport urine from your kidneys to your bladder
  • bladder, which stores urine
  • urethra, where urine exits your body

Most UTIs affect only the lower urinary tract. This consists of the urethra and bladder. Left-sided groin pain can result from inflammation of tissue in one of these areas.

UTIs that affect the upper tract, including the ureters and kidneys, aren’t as common, but tend to cause more severe pain.

UTIs are more common in women than men because the urethra is much shorter. This means that infectious bacteria or matter can more quickly and easily travel up the urinary tract to the bladder and, in some cases, up the ureters that connect the bladder to the kidneys.

Ovarian cyst

Ovarian cysts are sacs filled with fluid that can form on one or both ovaries.

The ovaries are part of the female reproductive system and are located on either side of the uterus. This is where eggs develop and the hormones estrogen and progesterone are created.

Ovarian cysts are relatively common and don’t always result in symptoms. One common symptom of an ovarian cyst on the left ovary is groin pain that radiates outward from the left side of your groin area toward the hips and lower abdomen.

Other possible symptoms that can happen along with left-sided groin pain include:

  • feeling pressure in your left groin area
  • swelling visible in the skin
  • feeling bloated or appearing bloated
  • sudden sharp, intense pain if the cyst ruptures (rupture is a medical emergency)
 
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During pregnancy

Groin pain on the left side or both sides is a relatively common symptom you may experience during pregnancy, especially during the second and third trimesters when the womb starts to expand rapidly.

This is because there are a few ligaments that keep your womb stable and safe when it expands while you’re pregnant.

One of the ligaments is called the round ligament. This ligament, at the front of your groin, typically expands and contracts slowly while you move. But as your womb expands as the fetus grows, this ligament can more easily be sprained or injured because it has to work harder than when you’re not pregnant.

Stretching of this ligament can cause dull pain in one or both sides of the groin. A strain or tear of this ligament can result in an intense, sometimes stabbing pain on either side of your groin, including the left side.

Pain isn’t usually considered serious unless a ligament is torn.

 
When walking

Walking engages numerous muscles, ligaments, and nearby tissues in the groin area — both when you lift your leg to take a step and when your leg makes contact with the ground again.

Even more muscles are required when you:

  • turn as you walk
  • walk backward
  • squat
  • bend down
  • crawl

You may also not realize that turning your upper body engages muscles and ligaments in the groin, which you do more often when you walk than you might think.

Walking can cause pain or discomfort if any groin muscles or ligaments are injured in this area, as injured tissues are strained by use.

 
Treatments

You may be able to treat your groin pain at home if it’s caused by a mild sprain or strain of muscle or ligament tissue.

Treatment for more severe or long-term groin pain should address the cause and may need to be diagnosed by your doctor.

Here’s how you can treat mild left-sided groin pain at home, especially if it’s caused by a sprain or strain.

Rest, ice, compression, elevation (RICE)

Here’s how to do the RICE method:

  • Rest your groin muscle by taking a break from activity.
  • Ice the area with a cold pack to reduce pain and inflammation. Do this for about 20 minutes at a time, several times per day.
  • Compress the area with a medical bandage to limit blood flow.
  • Elevate your groin area to keep blood from flowing into the area.

Pain medications

Take a pain medication such as acetaminophen (Tylenol) or a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), like ibuprofen or naproxen (Aleve), to reduce pain and inflammation.

Medical treatment

You may need surgery to repair a broken bone or to address an inguinal hernia. These can’t be treated at home and may cause complications if they’re not corrected.

Your doctor may prescribe anti-inflammatory medications if home remedies don’t reduce your pain or swelling.

Physical therapy can also help you learn how to work with muscles, ligaments, or joint tissues that may be chronically inflamed or permanently affected by an injury or an underlying condition.

When to see a doctor

See your doctor if:

  • home treatment doesn’t help resolve your symptoms
  • the pain gets any worse over time
  • the pain happens suddenly without any obvious cause
  • you can’t walk or move your lower body without intense pain
  • you experience changes in your menstrual cycle or you miss a period
  • you see any unusual discharge from your vagina

You should seek emergency medical help if, along with your groin pain, you experience:

Your doctor may use one or more of the following tests to help diagnose the cause:

  • physical examination, including feeling around the area
  • X-rays to see transparent images of tissue in the groin
  • ultrasounds to see real-time images of groin tissues
  • magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to see 3-D images of the groin area
The bottom line

Left-sided groin pain isn’t always something to worry about. Mild injuries or minor infections can be treated quickly and easily.

But sudden, intense, or chronic pain may indicate an underlying cause that needs medical treatment. See your doctor as soon as possible if your groin pain disrupts your daily life or can’t be treated at home.

 

Last medically reviewed on August 21, 2019

Healthline has strict sourcing guidelines and relies on peer-reviewed studies, academic research institutions, and medical associations. We avoid using tertiary references. You can learn more about how we ensure our content is accurate and current by reading our editorial policy.
 
 
 
 
 
Medically reviewed by Meredith Wallis, M.S., CNM, ANP — Written by Tim Jewell on August 21, 2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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12 Reasons You Might be Experiencing Pain in the Right Side of Your Groin

Your groin is the area of your hip located between your stomach and your thigh. It is where your abdomen stops and your legs start.

If you are a woman with pain in your groin on the right side, the discomfort could be an indication of a number of potential problems.

Most common cause of groin pain for females

Typically, your pain is caused by an injury of one of the structures in your leg that attach to your groin, such as a torn or strained muscle, ligament, or tendon.

A “groin strain” usually refers to torn or overstretched adductor muscles, which are located on the inside of the thigh.

These types of groin injuries are usually the result of overuse or overexertion and are common among physically active people.

10 more causes of right side groin pain for women

Beyond muscle, ligament, or tendon injury, your groin pain could be the result of any one of various conditions, such as:

Arthritis in your hip

A typical symptom of hip arthritis is deep groin-area pain that sometimes radiates down to the inside of your leg to the area of your knee. This groin pain can become more intense by standing or walking for extended periods of time.

Enlarged lymph nodes

Lymph nodes, also called lymph glands, in the groin (inguinal or femoral lymph nodes) can swell and cause discomfort for a number of reasons, including injury, infection (lymphadenitis) or, rarely, cancer.

Femoral hernia

Occurring more commonly in women than in men, a femoral hernia is part of your bowel or fatty tissue poking through a weak spot in your abdominal wall into the femoral canal in your groin area at the top of your inner thigh.

Hip fracture

With a hip fracture, pain will typically be present in the groin or over the outer upper thigh. If you have a hip bone that’s weak, such as from cancer or a stress injury, you might feel aching pain in the groin or thigh area some time before the fracture.

Inguinal hernia

An inguinal hernia is a hernia in the groin area. Although more common in men, an inguinal hernia is internal tissue pushing through a weak spot in your groin muscles.

As a woman, you might be experiencing a nonpalpable or occult inguinal hernia that must be evaluated with laparoscopy.

Kidney stones

Kidney stones are a hard buildup of minerals and salts formed inside your kidneys. A kidney stone typically does not cause pain until it moves, either within your kidney or into your ureter that connects your bladder to your kidney.

Kidney stones can be felt with pain radiating to the groin. Other symptoms of kidney stones can include:

  • severe pain in the back and side
  • nausea and vomiting
  • persistent need to urinate
  • pain when urinating
  • brown, red or pink urine
  • urinating frequently in small amounts

Osteitis pubis

Osteitis pubis is a noninfectious inflammation of the pubic symphysis, a joint located between the left and right pubic bones above the external genitalia and in front of the bladder.

Symptoms of osteitis pubis can include:

  • sharp pain in the groin area that is aggravated by walking, climbing stairs, sneezing and coughing
  • gait disturbance that often leads to a waddling gait
  • low-grade fever

Ovarian cyst

Among the symptoms of an ovarian cyst is pain that radiates from your groin to your sides between the lower ribs and pelvis.

Most ovarian cysts do not cause symptoms. If yours does cause symptoms, they could include, in the lower abdomen on the side where the cyst is:

  • pain
  • pressure
  • swelling
  • bloating

If a cyst ruptures, you might experience sudden, severe pain.

Pinched nerve

When pressure is put on a nerve by the tissue around it, such as muscle, bone or tendon, it can disturb that nerve’s function. A pinched nerve in the hip can result in a burning or sharp pain in your groin.

Urinary tract infections (UTIs)

UTIs can result in moderate to severe groin pain that can intensify when you urinate.

Other symptoms of a urinary tract infection can include:

  • persistent need to urinate
  • urinating frequently in small amounts
  • urine with a strong odor
  • cloudy urine
  • brown, red or pink urine
 
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Groin pain during pregnancy

When pregnant, there could be a number of explanations for groin pain.

  • Your uterus is expanding, which can result in aches and pains in a number of areas including the groin.
  • Some women report that in the late stages of pregnancy if the baby’s head is pressing into the pelvic area it can cause constant or intermittent groin discomfort.
  • A rare cause of pregnancy groin pain is round ligament varicocele. The round ligament connects your uterus to your groin.
Treating groin pain

If you are experiencing the most common cause of groin pain caused by overexertion or overuse, typically, over time, these types of injuries are likely to improve on their own.

Often, rest and anti-inflammatory medications such as ibuprofen are adequate treatment. If, however, your discomfort persists despite rest, your healthcare provider can make a full diagnosis to determine a treatment plan or to identify a different underlying cause or condition.

 
When to see your doctor

If you are experiencing persistent or unusual pain in the groin area, your doctor can identify the source of the discomfort and develop a treatment plan. Definitely see your doctor if:

  • You have noticeable physical symptoms, such as a bulge next to your pubic bone, which could indicate a hernia.
  • You feel that you might have a UTI, it is important to get treatment. Untreated UTI could result in a kidney infection.
  • You have the symptoms of a kidney stone.

You should seek immediate medical help if your groin pain is sudden and severe or accompanied by:

  • fever
  • vomiting
  • rapid breathing
  • weakness, dizziness, faintness

These could be signs of a number of conditions, including a ruptured ovarian cyst.

Takeaway

There are many possible explanations for your pain in the right side of your groin, from a hernia to kidney stones to a pinched nerve. Treatment depends on the cause of the pain, which requires diagnosis by your doctor.

 

Last medically reviewed on April 18, 2019

Healthline has strict sourcing guidelines and relies on peer-reviewed studies, academic research institutions, and medical associations. We avoid using tertiary references. You can learn more about how we ensure our content is accurate and current by reading our editorial policy.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Medically reviewed by Elaine K. Luo, M.D. — Written by Scott Frothingham on April 18, 2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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What Causes Left Kidney Pain?

 
Overview

Kidney pain is also called renal pain. Your kidneys are on each side of the backbone, beneath the rib cage. The left kidney sits slightly higher than the right.

These bean-shaped organs filter waste out of your body as part of the urinary system. They also have many other important jobs. For example, your kidneys make a hormone that controls blood pressure.

Left kidney pain may feel like a sharp pain or dull ache on your left side or flank. You may have an upper backache, or the pain can spread to your stomach.

Kidney pain can happen for many reasons. Most kidney problems clear up with little or no treatment, but it’s important to watch for other symptoms and know when to see your doctor.

Left kidney pain may have nothing to do with the kidneys. Pain may be from nearby organs and tissue:

  • muscle pain
  • muscle or spine injury
  • nerve pain
  • joint pain or arthritis
  • rib injury
  • pancreas or gallbladder problems
  • digestive problems (stomach and intestines)

Let’s take a closer look at some of the potential causes of your pain. Many common conditions that cause kidney pain can affect just one kidney.

Dehydration

Not drinking enough water can cause pain in one or both kidneys. Water loss happens through sweating, vomiting, diarrhea, or too much urine. Conditions such as diabetes can also lead to dehydration.

Severe or chronic dehydration builds up wastes in your kidneys. Symptoms include:

  • pain or discomfort in the side or back
  • tiredness or fatigue
  • food cravings
  • difficulty concentrating

Treatment

Get plenty of water to stay hydrated. In addition to drinking more fluids, you can eat water-rich foods such as fresh fruit and vegetables. Drink extra water if you have coffee and other caffeinated drinks.

How much water you need depends on age, climate, diet, and other factors. Check the color of your urine to estimate whether you are hydrated. Dark yellow means you probably need more water.

 
Infection

Infections are a common cause of kidney pain. A urinary tract infection (UTI) happens in the bladder or urethra (the tube that carries urine from the bladder to the outside of the body). An infection can occur when unhealthy bacteria get into the body.

A UTI can spread to one or both kidneys. A kidney infection is also called pyelonephritis. Women — especially pregnant women — are at higher risk. This is because women have a shorter urethra.

If left kidney pain is due to an infection, you may have symptoms like:

  • back or side pain
  • stomach or groin pain
  • fever or chills
  • nausea or vomiting
  • frequent urination
  • pain or burning when urinating
  • cloudy or strong-smelling urine
  • blood or pus in the urine

Treatment

See your doctor right away if you have any of these symptoms. Treatment is very important for a kidney infection. You’ll likely need antibiotics. If left untreated, the infection can damage the kidneys.

Kidney stones

Kidney stones are small, hard crystals that build up inside the kidneys. The most common ones are made of salts and minerals such as calcium. Kidney stones are also called renal lithiasis.

A kidney stone can cause pain when it moves or is passed out of the body through the urine. You may feel pain in the kidney and other areas. Symptoms include:

  • severe pain in the back and side
  • sharp pain in the stomach and groin
  • pain in one or both testicles (for men)
  • fever or chills
  • nausea or vomiting
  • pain when urinating
  • blood in the urine (pink, red, or brown color)
  • cloudy or strong-smelling urine
  • difficulty urinating

Treatment

Kidney stones can be very painful, but they’re usually not harmful. Most kidney stones need minor treatment with pain relief drugs. Drinking plenty of water helps to pass the stone. Medical treatment includes using sound waves to help break up the kidney stones.

Kidney cysts

A cyst is a round, fluid-filled sac. Simple kidney cysts happen when one or more cysts form in the kidneys. Simple cysts aren’t cancerous and don’t normally cause symptoms.

You may feel pain if a cyst grows too large. It can also cause problems if it gets infected or bursts. A kidney cyst can cause kidney pain and symptoms like:

  • fever
  • sharp or dull ache in the side or back
  • upper stomach (abdomen) pain

A large kidney cyst can cause a painful complication called hydronephrosis. This happens when the cyst blocks the flow of urine, making the kidney swollen.

Treatment

If you have a large cyst, your doctor may recommend a simple procedure to remove it. This involves using a long needle to drain it. It’s typically done under general or local numbing. Afterward, you’ll likely need to take a dose of antibiotics to prevent an infection.

 
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Polycystic kidney disease

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is when there are many cysts in one or both kidneys. This disease can be serious. The National Kidney Foundation notes that polycystic kidney disease is the fourth highest cause of kidney failure.

PKD can happen in adults of all races. Symptoms usually begin at the age of 30 years or older. This disease typically affects both kidneys, but you may feel pain on one side only. Signs and symptoms include:

  • side or back pain
  • frequent kidney infections
  • stomach swelling
  • high blood pressure
  • pounding or fluttering heart beat

High blood pressure is the most common sign of polycystic kidney disease. If left untreated, high blood pressure can worsen kidney damage.

Treatment

There’s no cure for PKD. Treatment includes controlling blood pressure with medications and diet. You may also need antibiotics for bladder or kidney infections. This helps prevent further damage to the kidney. Other treatment includes pain management and drinking plenty of water.

In serious cases, some people with PKD may need a kidney transplant.

Inflammation

One type of kidney inflammation is glomerulonephritis. It can be caused by other chronic conditions such as diabetes and lupus. Severe or long-term inflammation can trigger kidney damage.

Symptoms include pain in one or both kidneys, as well as:

  • pink or dark-colored urine
  • foamy urine
  • stomach, face, hands, and feet swelling
  • high blood pressure

Treatment

Treating kidney inflammation depends on the cause. For example, if you have diabetes, controlling blood sugar levels with medications and diet can help beat inflammation. If your kidneys are very inflamed, your doctor may also prescribe steroid drugs.

 
Blockage of blood to the kidney

A blockage of blood to the kidney is called a renal infarction or a renal vein thrombosis. This happens when the blood supply to and from the kidney is suddenly slowed or stopped. There are several causes, including a blood clot.

Blood flow blockages to the kidney typically happens on one side. Symptoms include:

  • severe side or flank pain
  • lower back pain or ache
  • stomach (abdomen) tenderness
  • blood in the urine

Treatment

This serious condition can cause kidney damage. Treatment typically involves anticlotting drugs. The medication dissolves blood clots and prevents them from forming again.

Anticlotting drugs may be taken in tablet form or injected directly into the clot. In rare cases, surgery may be needed to remove a blood clot.

 
Kidney bleeding

Bleeding or a hemorrhage is a serious cause of kidney pain. Disease, injury, or a blow to the kidney area can lead to bleeding inside the kidney. Signs and symptoms include:

  • side and low back pain
  • stomach pain and swelling
  • blood in urine
  • nausea and vomiting

Treatment

Pain relief and bed rest help to heal minor kidney bleeding. In serious cases, bleeding can lead to shock — causing low blood pressure, chills, and fast heart rate. Urgent treatment includes fluids to raise blood pressure. Surgery may be needed to stop a large kidney bleed.

Kidney cancer

Kidney cancer isn’t common in adults under the age of 64 years. In older adults some cancers can begin in the kidneys. Men are more likely to have kidney cancer. Renal cell carcinoma is a type of tumor that usually grows in one kidney only.

Kidney cancer typically has no symptoms in the early stages. Advanced symptoms include:

  • pain in the side or back
  • blood in the urine
  • loss of appetite
  • weight loss
  • fever
  • tiredness

Treatment

Like other types of cancer, kidney cancer is treated with chemotherapy drugs and radiation therapy. In some cases, surgery to remove a tumor or an entire kidney is needed.

Other causes

Enlarged prostate

An enlarged prostate is a common condition in men over the age of 40. This gland is just below the bladder. As the prostate gland gets bigger, it can partially block urine flow out of the kidney. This can lead to infection or swelling in one or both kidneys, causing pain.

An enlarged prostate is usually treated with drugs to shrink it. In some cases, radiation therapy or surgery may be needed. Kidney symptoms clear up once the prostate is back to normal size.

Sickle cell anemia

Sickle cell anemia is a genetic condition that changes the shape of red blood cells. It can damage the kidneys and other organs. This leads to pain in the kidneys and blood in the urine.

Medications help to treat the effects of sickle cell anemia. Bone marrow transplants also help to relieve symptoms.

When to see a doctor

See your doctor if your left kidney pain is severe or doesn’t go away. Seek medical attention if have any other symptoms. Warning signs of a kidney condition include:

  • fever
  • pain or burning when urinating
  • having to urinate often
  • blood in the urine
  • nausea and vomiting

Your doctor may recommend scans and tests to find out the cause of your left kidney pain:

  • blood test
  • urine test
  • ultrasound
  • CT scan
  • MRI scan
  • genetic test (usually a blood test)

Most causes of kidney pain can be treated and don’t cause kidney damage or complications. However, it’s important to get treatment as early as possible.

Kidney self-care is good for your overall health. These include:

  • not smoking
  • eating a balanced, low-salt daily diet
  • exercising regularly
  • drinking plenty of water
 

Last medically reviewed on March 7, 2019

Healthline has strict sourcing guidelines and relies on peer-reviewed studies, academic research institutions, and medical associations. We avoid using tertiary references. You can learn more about how we ensure our content is accurate and current by reading our editorial policy.
 
 
 
 
 
 
Medically reviewed by Elaine K. Luo, M.D. — Written by Noreen Iftikhar, MD on March 7, 2019
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

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What Causes Pelvic Pain in Women?

The pelvis houses the reproductive organs. It’s located at the lower abdomen, where your abdomen meets your legs. Pelvic pain can radiate up into the lower abdomen, making it hard to differentiate from abdominal pain.

Read on to learn possible causes for pelvic pain in women, when to seek help, and how to manage this symptom.

Causes

There are many causes of both acute and chronic pelvic pain. Acute pelvic pain refers to sudden or new pain. Chronic pain refers to a long-lasting condition, which may remain constant or come and go.

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is an infection of the female reproductive organs. It’s typically caused by an untreated sexually transmitted infection, such as chlamydia or gonorrhea.

Women often experience no symptoms when they’re first infected. If left untreated, PID can cause serious complications, including chronic, severe pain in the pelvis or abdomen.

Other symptoms can include:

PID requires immediate medical attention to avoid additional complications, including:

Endometriosis

Endometriosis can occur at any time during your reproductive years. It’s caused by the growth of tissue similar to that found in the uterus. This tissue continues to act the way it would if it were within the uterus, including thickening and shedding in response to the menstrual cycle.

Endometriosis often causes varying degrees of pain, which ranges from mild, to severe and debilitating.

This pain is often most pronounced during menstruation. It can also occur during intercourse and with bowel or bladder movements. Pain is often centered within the pelvic region, but can extend into the abdomen.

Endometriosis can also affect the lungs and diaphragm, although this is rareTrusted Source.

In addition to pain, symptoms can include:

  • heavy periods
  • nausea
  • bloating

Endometriosis can also result in subfertility or infertility.

Treatments for pain management may include over-the-counter (OTC) pain medications or surgical procedures, such as laparoscopy.

There are also effective treatments for endometriosis and conception, such as in vitro fertilization. Early diagnosis can help reduce chronic symptoms, including pain and infertility.

Ovulation

Some women experience a temporary sharp pain during ovulation when an egg is released from an ovary. This pain is called mittelschmerz. It usually lasts for only a few hours and often responds to OTC pain medication.

Menstruation

Pelvic pain can occur before and during menstruation and is usually described as cramps in the pelvis or lower abdomen. The severity can vary from month to month.

Pain prior to menstruation is called premenstrual syndrome (PMS). When pain is so severe that you can’t enjoy your normal, day-to-day activities, it’s referred to as premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD). PMS and PMDD are often accompanied by other symptoms, including:

These symptoms usually, though not always, dissipate once menstruation begins.

Pain during menstruation is called dysmenorrhea. This pain may feel like cramps in the abdomen, or like a nagging pain in the thighs and lower back. It may be accompanied by:

  • nausea
  • headache
  • lightheadedness
  • vomiting

If your menstrual pain is severe, discuss pain management with your doctor. OTC medications or acupuncture may help.

Ovarian (adnexal) torsion

If your ovary twists suddenly on its spindle, you will feel immediate, sharp, excruciating pain. The pain is sometimes accompanied by nausea and vomiting. This pain can also begin days before as intermittent cramping.

Ovarian torsion is a medical emergency which usually requires immediate surgery. If you experience anything like this, seek medical care immediately.

Ovarian cyst

Cysts in the ovary often don’t cause any symptoms. If they’re large, you may feel either a dull or sharp pain on one side of your pelvis or abdomen. You may also feel bloated, or a heaviness in your lower abdomen.

If the cyst ruptures, you’ll feel a sudden, sharp pain. You should seek treatment if you experience this, however, ovarian cysts usually dissipate on their own. Your doctor may recommend removing a large cyst to avoid rupture.

Uterine fibroids (myomas)

Uterine fibroids are benign growths in the uterus. Symptoms vary based on the size and location. Many women don’t have any symptoms at all.

Large fibroids may cause a feeling of pressure or a dull aching pain in the pelvis or lower abdomen. They may also cause:

  • bleeding during intercourse
  • heavy periods
  • trouble with urination
  • leg pain
  • constipation
  • back pain

Fibroids can also interfere with conception.

Fibroids occasionally cause a very sharp, severe pain if they outgrow their blood supply and start to die. Seek immediate medical help if you experience:

Gynecologic cancers

Cancer can occur in many areas of the pelvis, including the:

Symptoms vary, but often include dull, aching pain in the pelvis and abdomen, and pain during intercourse. Unusual vaginal discharge is another common symptom.

Getting regular checkups and gynecological exams can help you find cancers early, when they’re easier to treat.

Pelvic pain in pregnancy

Pelvic pain during pregnancy is usually not cause for alarm. As your body adjusts and grows, your bones and ligaments stretch. That can cause feelings of pain or discomfort.

However, any pain that makes you nervous, even if it’s mild, should be discussed with your doctor. Especially if it’s accompanied by other symptoms such as vaginal bleeding, or if it doesn’t go away or lasts for an extended period of time.

Some possible causes of pain during pregnancy include:

Braxton-Hicks contractions

These pains are often referred to as false labor and happen most commonly during the third trimester. They may be brought on by:

  • physical exertion
  • the baby’s movements
  • dehydration

Braxton-Hicks contractions can be uncomfortable, but aren’t as intense as labor pain. They also don’t come at regular intervals or increase in intensity over time.

Braxton-Hicks contractions aren’t a medical emergency, but you should let your doctor know you’re having them when you go for your next prenatal appointment.

Miscarriage

A miscarriage is the loss of a pregnancy before the 20th week of gestation. Most miscarriages occur during the first trimester, before the 13th week. They’re often accompanied by:

  • vaginal bleeding or bright red spotting
  • abdominal cramps
  • feelings of pain in the pelvis, abdomen, or lower back
  • flow of fluid or tissue from the vagina

If you think you’re having a miscarriage, call your doctor or go to an emergency room immediately.

Premature labor

Labor that occurs before the 37th week of pregnancy is considered premature labor. Symptoms include:

  • pain in your lower abdomen, which can feel like sharp, timed contractions or like dull pressure
  • lower back pain
  • fatigue
  • heavier-than-normal vaginal discharge
  • cramping in the stomach with or without diarrhea

You may also pass your mucus plug. If labor is being brought on by an infection, you may also have fever.

Premature labor is a medical emergency which requires immediate attention. It can sometimes be stopped by medical treatment before you give birth.

Placental abruption

The placenta forms and attaches itself to the uterine wall early in pregnancy. It’s designed to provide oxygen and nutrition for your baby until delivery. Rarely, the placenta detaches itself from the uterine wall. This may be a partial or complete detachment, and is known as placental abruption.

Placental abruption can cause vaginal bleeding, accompanied by sudden feelings of pain or tenderness in the abdomen or back. It’s most common in the third trimester, but may occur at any time after the 20th week of pregnancy.

Placental abruption also requires immediate medical treatment.

Ectopic pregnancy

Ectopic pregnancies occur shortly after conception if a fertilized egg implants itself in a fallopian tube or other part of the reproductive tract instead of in the uterus. This type of pregnancy is never viable and may result in rupture of the fallopian tube and internal bleeding.

The primary symptoms are sharp, intense pain and vaginal bleeding. The pain may occur in the abdomen or pelvis. Pain may also radiate up toward the shoulder or neck if internal bleeding has occurred and blood has pooled under the diaphragm.

Ectopic pregnancies may be dissolved with medication or may require surgery.

 
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Other causes

Pelvic pain can be caused by a wide range of additional conditions in both men and women. These include:

Diagnosis

Your doctor will take an oral history to learn about the type of pain you have, and about your other symptoms and overall health history. They may also recommend a pap smear if you have not had one within the past three years.

There are several standard tests you can expect. These include:

  • Physical exam, to look for areas of tenderness in your abdomen and pelvis.
  • Pelvic (transvaginal) ultrasound, so that your doctor can view your uterus, fallopian tubes, vagina, ovaries, and other organs within your reproductive system. This test uses a wand inserted into the vagina, which transmits sound waves to a computer screen.
  • Blood and urine tests, to look for signs of infection.

If the cause of the pain isn’t discovered from these initial tests, you may need additional tests, such as:

 
Home remedies

Pelvic pain often responds to OTC pain medications, but make sure to check with your doctor before you take any type of drug during pregnancy.

In some instances, resting may help. In others, gentle movement and light exercise will be more beneficial. Try these tips:

  • Place a hot water bottle on your abdomen to see if it helps to ease cramps or take a warm bath.
  • Elevate your legs. This may help alleviate pelvic pain and pain which affects your lower back or thighs.
  • Try yoga, pr
  • enatal yoga, and meditation which can also be helpful for pain management.
  • Take herbs, such as willow bark, which can help decrease pain. Get your doct

source :https://www.healthline.com/health/womens-health/pelvic-pain-in-women#home-remedies

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