What are blood bacteria? Is it a serious medical condition? What are the causes of infection and available treatment methods? Here is the most important information about blood bacteria in the article.
Important facts about bacteria in the blood
Bacteremia is bacteria found in the bloodstream. Here are some quick facts about it:
Bacteremia does not cause any symptoms, but infection with it may cause bacteria to build up in certain tissues and organs, which can cause various types of dangerous infections.
The presence of an artificial heart valve or an artificial joint in the body increases the chances of infection with bacteria in the blood.
Both minor and serious matters may cause infection with bacteria in the blood, such as: brushing teeth violently, urinary tract infections.
It is also worth noting that the doctor usually gives the person a type of antibiotic before performing surgeries or operations on the gums and teeth, in case the person is susceptible to infection with bacteria in the blood.
Symptoms of bacteria in the blood
Blood bacteria usually do not cause any visible symptoms, especially if they are caused by normal daily activities, but blood bacteria that were the cause of certain diseases may be associated with the emergence of fever.
Here are some of the symptoms that the patient may have:
A drop in blood pressure.
Digestive problems, such as vomiting, nausea, diarrhea, and abdominal pain.
Chills and shivering.
Anaphylactic shock or sepsis, both very serious conditions that can be fatal.
Causes of bacteria in the blood
There are many things that may cause infection with bacteria in the blood, as the infection may start due to:
1. Infection with a certain type of infection
There are certain types of inflammation that cause bacteria to gradually enter the bloodstream, such as: pneumonia, pus and pus in the skin.
In addition, the bacteria responsible for many diseases that affect children in particular may cause infection with bacteria in the blood.
2. Drug injection
Injecting drugs are often not sterile. Injecting them into the body may cause different types of bacteria on the tip of the needle to enter the bloodstream.
3. Doing daily activities that are considered normal
Bacteremia may begin while a person or their body is doing the usual things, such as:
Brushing the teeth vigorously with a toothbrush, which may cause bacteria that may be present in the gums to enter the bloodstream.
During normal digestion, bacteria from the intestine may enter the bloodstream.
Bacteria infiltrating the blood due to these activities usually do not cause any kind of infection, serious complications or inflammation, but rather are quickly eliminated by the immune system.
4. Undergoing surgery in the body or in the mouth
Bacteria may enter the bloodstream during:
Oral surgery and dental cleaning, as bacteria that have accumulated around the gums and teeth enter the bloodstream.
Inserting tubes into the digestive tract or into the urinary opening during or after operations.
Surgical procedures that may be performed to remove pus and pus.
Diagnosis and treatment of bacteria in the blood
Diagnosis does not require more than a blood culture test and sometimes a urine test, and the treatment of bacteria in the blood is either through antibiotics or treatment of the disease that caused the bacteria in the blood.
Risks and complications of bacteria in the blood
In many cases, the immune system takes care of ridding the body of blood bacteria, but if the patient suffers from a weak immune system, or if the bacteria remain for a longer period than usual in the bloodstream without the body being able to get rid of them, it may cause:
Septicemia and sepsis, a serious condition that can be fatal.
Various infections throughout the body as a result of the accumulation of bacteria there, such as: meningitis, endocarditis, osteomyelitis, and arthritis.
Colonies of bacteria form in certain areas of the body, and bacteria begin to multiply in them so that more of them are released into the body.