Learn more about Unicondylar Knee Replacement


You may have some inquiries about Unicondylar Knee Replacement, this article is the catch, by reading this article you will know how the operation happens, if you can do it or not, and what are the benefits and risks for this procedure.

Doctors called it also unicompartmental knee replacement; unicondylar knee replacement is a less massive alternative to a total knee replacement. This procedure is to replace only the parts of the knee most damaged by joint pain, leaving the healthier parts in its place and giving patients a chance to live with less scarring, recovery in shorter times and a greater range of motion.

This procedure is often performed on younger, more active patients who not ready yet to experience a total knee replacement, or for patients whose joint pain is situated in one certain area of the knee.

During a unicondylar knee replacement procedure, your doctor will make a small hole in the front of the knee or where the damaged area is. After removing that small pieces of bone from the damaged area of the thigh bone and the leg, and then replacing them with the Oxford implant.  The metal pieces are put dividedly by a plastic implant that provides smooth motion of the joint after the operation.

The degree of the damage determines that, the inner or outer parts of the knee can be untouched during this act, which reducing bone loss and provide a greater range of motion.  After a unicondylar knee replacement, many cases are fully recovered within a month and the patients are still able to practice sports and other activities but not intensively.



Benefits You May Gain From Unicondylar Knee Replacement

If you wish to have an unicondylar knee replacement, here is the deal; I will list its benefits for you to know what I am talking about.

-The probable benefits include a smaller cut, because the UKA parts that are implanted are smaller than the total knee replacements, and the doctor may make a smaller cut. This may result a small scar.

– There will be less pain after the surgery as a result for removing smaller pieces of the knee bones.

– It may be a quick operation and the recovery may happen in shorter period.

-removing less bones during the surgery and the soft tissue may support less injury.

–  The recovery process may be more progressive.

But wait, there is more, UKR may improve range of knee motion, reduce blood fluid during surgery, then you won’t need to stay long time in the hospital, which means less cost.


Presently, two of the most remarkable benefits of UKR or unicondylar knee replacements are:


  1. Partial knee replacement patients report that their replaced knee feels more like their original non-replaced knee as compared to a total knee replacement ,it means that patients who experienced this operation noticed that their replaced knee is like the original knee
  2. Partial knee replacements give more chances for further advances. By avoiding replacing the rest of the knee with metal and plastic, if there are other options in years to come for joint pain in these areas then a partial knee replacement doesn’t prevent it.



Risks Of Unicondylar Knee Replacement

To be completely honest with you there are some risks which you may face if you decided to do this operation, such as:

Blood clusters (also known as profound vein thrombosis) are a typical complication after the unicondylar knee replacement operation. However, a doctor may prescribe specific medications to help avoiding blood clots. A doctor may prescribe antibiotics to help prevent infections which may happen after surgery.

If you want to know if your case allows to do this operation, follow these conditions ! Before the surgery you should be sure that your knee should have less incapability and can bend to beyond 90 degrees and come out almost completely straight. All major bands in the knee should also in general be working completely.

if you suffer from inflammatory types of joint pain such as inflammation of the joints of the backbone, you should not have a unicondylar knee to avoid any danger side effects.


Long term studies reported great outcomes for UKA

One study found that at a minimum of 10 years follow up time after the first surgery, the total survival rate of the implant was 96%. Besides, 92% of the patients in this study had great or good outcome.