What awaits you in the postpartum period?
Six weeks after a new baby comes into the world – his mom also has to rest. This period is called “the puerperium.” What are the things to expect during this period, and when should a doctor be consulted?

A woman’s world changes after giving birth, even if this isn’t her first, having a new baby in the family is a life-changing miracle. Everyone’s attention, especially the mother, revolves around the new baby, its nutrition, its comfort and its happiness.

But don’t forget yourself. After giving birth, your body needs at least six weeks to recover its strength, which is a period called “the puerperium” – it’s important to treat it with enough care. It is a period during which a woman is expected to experience some discomfort, even aches – but with dedicated attention and attention to detail, it passes, and the new period can be celebrated in peace and comfort.

Here are some of the phenomena that accompany a woman’s body, after childbirth:

uterine contraction
After the placenta comes out, the uterus shrinks and becomes the size of a grapefruit. Over the next 4 to 6 weeks, the uterus will continue to contract until it returns to its normal position before pregnancy. When the uterus tightens, we feel a contraction in the lower abdomen or lower back. The contraction of the uterus causes postpartum pain, and this situation can continue for several days after delivery.

How do you help yourself:

Take medicine against pain according to the prescription you got from the doctor
Take a shower and bath with warm water frequently
Lie on the stomach and place a pillow between the abdomen and the mattress to create pressure on the lower abdominal area. Women who have had a caesarean section can lie on their stomach – this will not cause any harm to the stitches.
Warm your lower abdomen or lower back.
Empty the bladder. A full bladder puts pressure on the uterus and causes pain.

Pain in the vaginal area
The vagina is the area around the birth canal. In a normal delivery, the muscles are tightened, damaged and swollen, or they can be incised – with the aim of facilitating childbirth, or they may tear naturally – and then the area can be inserted. You may feel tightness, tingling or soreness in the area of ​​the pole. In addition, a pinkish and liquid discharge from the pole area may occur. If the secretions are rejected, contact your doctor.

How do you help yourself:

Medicine allowed during lactation.
Cool the area with ice cubes – ice helps reduce swelling
Not intended for topical use.
Shower while sitting 2 to 3 times a day with lukewarm water
Sit on a soft pillow.

Pain after cesarean delivery
You may experience pain if you had a caesarean section. The pain usually stems from the incision, and you’ll likely feel tightness, tingling and pain. The area is especially sensitive during the first days after the operation. Gas pains also have a role in abdominal discomfort. This is normal for the first to two days after birth.

How do you help yourself:

Take medicine against pain as prescribed by your doctor (make sure that the medicine you are taking is allowed during breastfeeding)
Keep moving. Change positions permanently
Take a walk for 5 to 10 minutes a day
Avoid drinking carbonated drinks, very cold drinks and eating foods that lead to bloating and gas. Don’t drink with a straw.

Fatigue and tiredness
A period of great energy and excitement characterizes the first days after birth, but most likely you will feel physical and psychological fatigue due to labor pains and anxiety for the newborn. Other causes of fatigue are physical and hormonal changes, as well as emotional changes resulting from the need to get used to motherhood and lack of sleep hours.

How do you help yourself:

Minimize non-essential activities such as climbing stairs frequently
Do not lift heavy objects that weigh more than the weight of the child
Do your work, as much as possible, while sitting. In case of excessive activity, you will notice an increase in vaginal discharge.
Relax a lot. Go to sleep when your baby sleeps.
If they offer you help – accept it
Maintain a balanced diet and avoid foods rich in sugar.
Minimize phone calls and visits if you need to rest
Indulge yourself in a special way, for example: going out to a meal in a restaurant, changing a haircut, a manicure. A little pampering can give you energy.

bleeding
After childbirth, continuous or intermittent bleeding is expected, which can last for several days and up to 6 weeks. If 6 weeks have passed since childbirth and you are still bleeding, refer to the doctor. Masses of blood or severe bleeding is not an ordinary phenomenon. The bleeding should change from red to pink and later to dark brown. If you have to change the pad every less than two hours, the bleeding is severe.

constipation
Decreased muscle tone, hemorrhoids, operation and stitches may lead to constipation. It’s not uncommon for you to not pass a normal stool for 2 to 3 days after birth. If you have not had a bowel movement within 7 days of giving birth, tell your doctor.

How do you help yourself:

Make sure to follow a diet rich in dietary fiber – whole wheat, fruits and vegetables
Drink 8 to 10 glasses of fluids a day
Preparations can be used to facilitate the passage of stool according to the instructions of the doctor / e

Hemorrhoids
Hemorrhoids are very large veins in the anal area. Hemorrhoids occur due to the extra weight and pressure that is added during pregnancy and due to the birth process. Sensitivity around the anus is sometimes caused by hemorrhoids and may cause difficulty sitting. Hemorrhoids usually shrink 6 weeks after the day of delivery.

How do you help yourself:

To reduce puffiness, cool the area with ice cubes
Shower while sitting 2 to 3 times a day
See the tips, in this article, in the section that explains about constipation.
In severe cases, you should go to the doctor and get help with medications.

Difficulty urinating
After a normal delivery, mothers may experience swelling in the birth canal area and in the bladder opening that may initially lead to difficulty urinating. In many cases, mothers who have had a caesarean section may have difficulties urinating after removing the tube (or urinary catheter, in Hebrew – a small tube attached to the bladder to drain urine).

Cramps may occur when the bladder is full. For a few days after giving birth, you may notice that you are urinating a lot. This happens because the kidneys help your body get rid of the excess fluid that accumulated in it during pregnancy.

How do you help yourself:

Drink 8 to 10 glasses of water daily
Breathe deeply and slowly when you are on the toilet
Let the water flow from the tap. The sound of flowing water sometimes helps relax the bladder opening.
Pour warm water on your lower body.


Cystitis
Watch for signs of cystitis and call your doctor or nurse if you see one or more of these signs:

Pain and burning when urinating
Urinating in small amounts
chills
hotness
Pain in the lower abdomen or lower back.

Pains in the breasts
Three to five days after giving birth, the breasts will swell, with an increase in milk production. This swelling is called a lump and may cause discomfort and discomfort. Sometimes milk will flow from the breasts. How do we deal with agglomeration?
If you are breastfeeding:

Breastfeed at least 8 times a day
Wear a supportive bra that fits well on your body
Put an ice pack under each armpit to reduce swelling and pain
Wash the breasts with warm water, without soap
Refer to a lactation consultant or the nurse at the mother and baby center if the problem of lumps persists.


If you are not breastfeeding:

Wear a supportive bra that fits your body
Put an ice pack under each armpit to reduce swelling and pain
Take medicine against pain as prescribed by the doctor (make sure that the medicine you are taking is allowed during breastfeeding)
Avoid washing the breasts with hot water
Avoid touching the breasts a lot
Consult the nurse at the mother and child center about pills that dry up the milk.


hair loss
Another phenomenon that characterizes the postpartum period is hair loss, and it begins between 6 to 12 weeks after childbirth. Although the phenomenon is not often dangerous, it can last for several weeks. Hair loss occurs in lactating and non-lactating women as well. This phenomenon is related to the effect of hormones, which move hair follicles from the growth phase (which occurs during pregnancy) directly to the resting phase. Hair loss is expected to stop naturally.